Blood sugar, also referred as Blood Glucose is believed to be an important parameter for good health of an individual. Glucose level refers to the amount of glucose present in the blood. Glucose mainly comes from carbohydrate containing food. It’s the main source of energy used by the body. Normally blood sugar level increases quickly after we eat. This increase causes our pancreas to release insulin, so that blood glucose levels do not get too high and are utilized or stored as per requirement. High Blood glucose levels can damage eyes, kidneys, nerves and Blood Vessels. So, maintaining healthy blood sugar level is very important for human body and it’s also very important for the body’s performance.
A Healthy range of Blood Glucose in human Body is considered to be 70-120 mg/dl. Too high and too low blood sugar levels in human cause some serious problems to the health. So, it’s very important to control and maintain your blood sugar level.
To maintain your Blood Sugar Level you need to check the Blood Sugar Level in your Body. The Blood Sugar Test is Based on Several Factors:
Type and severity of diabetes: The difference is the Severity and in the amount of time that symptoms are present before treatment is sought. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood and most people who are in their 20’s. In this case body makes little or no insulin.Type 2 diabetes is more common and makes most diabetes cases. In this pancreas doesn't make enough insulin to keep blood sugar level normal. There is another type called Gestational Diabetes, in which high blood glucose levels develop anytime during pregnancy in women, who don’t have diabetes.
Risk Factors of Diabetes
Age over 45 years
Gestational diabetes or delivering a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
High blood cholesterol level
Not getting enough exercise
Polycystic ovary or PCOS disease (in women)
Previous impaired glucose tolerance
Apart from Diabetes, Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia are two main medical conditions that arise due to blood sugar level imbalance.
Hypoglycemia: Hypoglycemia is caused when blood sugar levels are low. If Blood Sugar levels drop below 70 mg/dl, the condition is called hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is common in people with diabetes due to taking too much insulin or any other diabetes medicines. Hypoglycemia may also have other lifestyle based causes like alcohol, stomach problems, surgery, disease of pancreas, kidney etc.
Symptoms of Hypoglycemia:
Reasons of Hypoglycemia:
Taking too much insulin or diabetes Medicine
Too much Workload and other activities
Drinking too much Alcohol
If you have symptoms of low blood sugar, you need expert advice to maintain a healthy and balanced diet, without any long gaps between meals. Regular blood sugar level monitoring is also advised.
Hyperglycemia is a condition when an excessive amount of blood glucose Circulate in the body. It’s the first sign of Diabetes. There are two types of Hyperglycemia.
1. Fasting Hyperglycemia: Fasting Hyperglycemia is blood sugar levels greater than 90-130 mg/dl.
2. Post Meal Hyperglycemia: Post Meal Hyperglycemia is blood sugar levels usually greater than 180 mg/dl. A healthy person’s post meal blood sugar usually measures 130-140 mg/dl.
Symptoms of Hyperglycemia:
Reason of Hyperglycemia:
Eating too much Carbohydrates and too much Calories
Increased in Stress Level
Drinking Too Much Alcohol
Hyperglycemia can damage the vessels that supply blood to vital organs, which can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, vision problems, and nerve problems in people with diabetes.
To reduce levels in Hyperglycemia all you need to do is to control your blood sugar level. You can reduce your blood sugar level by:
1. Drink more water. Excess amount of water will remove extra glucose from your body.
2. Exercise: Regular exercise is also good in maintaining your sugar level. And also helps you in keeping fit.
3. Change in your eating Habit: You need a proper and healthy diet. A healthy diet and exercise is also good for maintaining blood sugar level.
4. Take your medicine on time and Consult your Doctor.
5. Go for regular monitoring of blood sugar levels.
Maintained healthy Blood sugar level is very important for human health. Too high and too low sugar levels can lead to several medical conditions but by monitoring it and controlling the imbalanced sugar levels, you can maintain a healthy balance free from getting risk of such conditions. So, try to keep your blood sugar levels in normal range and Stay Healthy!