What is gum disease?

Gum disease means infection or inflammation of the tissues that surround the teeth. If plaque is not removed thoroughly and regularly may cause gingival disease and finally may lead to the formation of tartar.

Types of gum disease:

1. Gingivitis: Early stage of disease, which is usually reversible through good oral hygiene and preventive care.

2. Periodontitis: This is the advanced stage of the disease. There is an irreversible destruction of tissues and bone that support the teeth.Treatment requires more surgical care.

What causes gum disease?

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Medications- medicines which reduce the flow of saliva.

Symptoms of gum disease 

  • Red or swollen gums
  • Tender or Bleeding Gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Receding gums or longer appearing teeth
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Pus coming from between your teeth &gums
  • In Chronic conditions, the symptoms may be unknown

How to prevent Gum disease?

  • Good Oral hygiene helps to keep plaque down & usually prevent gum disease.
  • Brush your teeth for 2-3 mins, at least twice a day.
  • Clean between the teeth with floss or an interdental cleaner.
  • If you smoke, you should quit.Smoking is a major risk factor for gum disease.
  • Diet rich in fruits, vegetables and minerals will help prevent gum disease.
  • Massage your gums with the index finger as this increases blood flow to the gums and promotes good tissue health.       
  • Many specialised kinds of toothpaste are now available, including total care toothpaste which help prevent plaque, gum disease and tooth sensitivity.
  • Use mouthwash, many types of mouthwash contain antibacterial contents which help to prevent gum disease. 
  • Have regular visits to a dentist for an oral examination.