Articles on eczema

Skin Care and Protection (Mainly for Hands With Eczema/allergy)

Dr. Sandeep Gupta, Dermatologist
Skin Care and Protection1. Wash your hands in lukewarm water. Rinse and dry your hands thoroughly after washingThe skin damaging potential of a detergent is temperature dependent. Warm, soapy water causes more skin irritation than lukewarm or cold soapy water.2. Use protective gloves when starting wet-work tasks  Unprotected wet work is a significant risk factor for the development of skin irritation. Gloves are essential for protecting the skin against water, dirt, detergents,shampoos, and foodstuffs. 3. Protective gloves should be used when necessary but for as short a time as possibleIrritant reactions due to wearing gloves are frequently reported. Prolonged use of gloves leads to impairment of the skin barrier, especially if the skin has previously been exposed to detergents .4. Protective gloves should be intact and clean and dry inside Even a small amount of an irritant may  act as a strong irritant when the skin is occluded. Furthermore, allergens trapped inside a glove could induce sensitization or elicit allergic contact dermatitis in a person already sensitized.5. When protective gloves are used for more than10 min, cotton gloves should be worn underneathWearing a cotton glove inside the protective glove has been shown to protect the skin from deterioration caused by using gloves.6. Do not wear rings at work Eczema often starts under a finger ring. Irritants may become trapped under the ring, causing irritation and irritant contact dermatitis .7. Disinfectants should be used according to the recommendations for the workplaceUse of disinfectants may cause skin irritation followed by irritant contact dermatitis, and was recently reported as a contributory factor for development of hand dermatitis. However, individual factors for each workplace have to be considered.8. Select a lipid-rich moisturizer free from fragrance and with preservatives having the lowest allergen potential, Apply moisturizers on your hands during the working day or after work.Moisturizers have been shown to promote regeneration of barrier-damaged skin. Moisturizers that are rich in lipids promote regeneration faster than those that contain less lipid. Fragrance and preservatives are common causes of allergic reactions to cosmetic products .9. Moisturizers should be applied all over the hands,including the finger webs, fingertips and back of the hand Application of moisturizers to the hands is often incomplete,since many areas are skipped during application .10. Take care also when doing housework, use protective gloves for dishwashing and warm gloves when going outside in winter Development of irritant contact dermatitis is caused by exposure to cumulative irritants, often in low concentrations. Domestic exposure therefore adds to exposure at work. Domestic wet work has been recognised as an important risk factor for the development of hand eczema. During the winter, the skin is more susceptible to irritant exposure.

Eczema in Children: Daily Care Tips.

Dr. (Lt Cdr) Siddharth Garekar, Dermatologist
Hi everyone, This blogpost is for people who have atopic dermatitis (eczema) and parents of a child/ baby with atopic dermatitis. Atopic Dermatitis is a distressing disease for the parents and like any other Paediatric Dermatologist in Gurgaon, we frequently spend a lot of time consulting them about daily do’s and don’ts.  Here, we highlighted a few things you should be doing for your little one, in order to minimize flares of the disease.The guiding principle:The most crucial aspect of Eczemz/ Atopic Dermatitis is the preservation of skin moisture. It is only through the maintenance of this moisture that we can break the itch scratch cycle.General care:Use cotton clothes, avoid synthetic materials and especially wool.In winters, the first layer has to be cotton and then a woollen, to avoid direct contact with wool.Keep child’s fingernails filed short.Use regular laundry detergent, but rinse and clean well. No bleach or fabric softener.Wash new clothes before wearing them to remove irritating dyes and fabric finishers.Avoid drying laundry outside during the pollination season.Air the room out in all seasons.Avoid dust, animal hair etc.No tobacco smokeWriting a diary to note any triggers that cause flare-ups.Bathing:Water temperature should be between 32° and 34° (lukewarm)Showers are better. A short duration, a five minute shower every day.Turn the water off when washing to decrease contact time.For those who like baths and for children: add a liquid emollient to the bath to neutralize water hardness. 5-10 minutes at most, to minimise the contact time with the municipal water.Wash with soap-free products (dermatologist recommended) as the pH is closest to that of the skin and does not aggravate skin dryness.Wash hair with dermatological shampoos that are soft or intended for frequent use.Dry by patting, as rubbing reactivates itching. Leave the body wet after bathing.Moisturization in atopic dermatitis:5-minute, lukewarm baths followed by the application of a moisturizer. (Dermatologist recommended)Keep the moisturizer in the bathroom and apply all over the body while wet, to seal in moisture and allow water to be absorbed through the skin.Moisturize 2-3 times a day.Wash your hands before applying a moisturiser.Apply a liberal amount of the moisturizer, warming it first between your hands, and apply in large circular movements. (Massage)Do not apply an emollient on raw/ red skinDo not rub the skinWhen to contact a Dermatologist:Condition not responding to moisturizersSymptoms continue to worsenThere are signs of infection fever, redness, or pain

Eczema

Dr. Parthasarathi Dutta Roy, Dermatologist
Eczema is a medical term used for a group of medical conditions that causes skin disorder and make it more irritated and inflamed. It is normally a persistent skin condition which causes skin dryness and rashes. The most common symptoms are skin redness, inflammation of the skin, itching, swelling, skin blisters, bleeding or oozing of the skin, cracking and flaking of the skin. Those who are suffering with Eczema experience slight skin discolorations which results in the breakouts which gets healed themselves.Types of EczemaThere are different types of Eczema which are differentiated based upon their appearance physically.Atopic DermatitisContact EczemaXerotic EczemaSeborrhoeic Dermatitis andOther types of common skin problems related to eczemaSymptoms and CausesThe exact cause of the skin disease is not found, but can be identified with symptoms and seasonal allergies like:Dry and sensitive skinScaly areasRecurring rashesFeeling itchy due to change in climatic conditions and high humidityColds and FluGetting into contact with chemicals, harsh soaps, tight clothing and using alcohol containing products andExcessive stressWhat is the treatment for Eczema?You need to try various treatments to control the problem. Before that it is essential to recognize the condition and begin the treatment early to cure it with the suggested medicines and drugs. The medications prescribed are:Creams that control inflammation and itching like Corticosteroid.Topical medicines that help to repair the skin called Calcineurin which controls itching and flares.Use of antibiotics to treat cracked skin and other bacterial skin infections.Oral anti itch drugs which give relief at bedtime.Injected drugs like prednisone that controls inflammation.Tips to handle the situationApply chill compresses and cut the nails short to curtail scratching.Wear gloves at the jobAvoid unexpected temperaturesUseless soapsAnd keep the skin moist using skin creams and other soft gels.

Varicose Veins: Factors And Symptoms

Dr. Dhruv Kumar Rai, Radiologist
Causes & symptoms of varicose veinsWhy do we get varicose veins?The primary defect of varicose veins are the damaged valves within the vein. The defect may be something you are born with or may arise follow injury or an episode of clotting (thrombosis) in the vein.The aggravating factors include: heredity, race, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, your sex (commoner in females), standing for long periods, thrombosis, a warm environment or climate and pregnancyWhat are the symptoms of varicose veins?The first sign that one of the veins is varicose is that when you stand up, the vein becomes visibly swollen with blood. "This may cause:Restlessness in the legs Heaviness or pain in the legs on prolonged standing or walking,Appearance of spider veins in the legs,Appearance of swollen, tortuous veins below the skin on prolonged standingSwelling of the anklesDark coloured skin at the ankles,Itching in the legs (eczema)Sudden bleeding from the legLeg ulcers  ThrombosisPeople with almost with the first sign of varicose veins become worried that they may develop the rather nasty complications that seem to lead from this condition:Dark coloured spots on the feet (pigmentation)Slow healing ulcersThrombosis or clotting and so onA small varicose veins on the leg will not suddenly grow into a mass of grape like structures from the ankle to the groin. It is important to know that these changes occur slowly, over years.If you develop a patch of eczema or pigmentation on the leg, than you should regard it as a warning that treatment of the varicose veins is required. 

Skin Conditions Associated With Food Allergies

Dr. Rashmi Joshi, Dermatologist
‘Allergy’ in simple language is an exaggerated reaction of our immunity to a substance that is otherwise harmless. Food allergy is a condition that occurs when your body cannot tolerate some specific food proteins. Common food allergy causing agents are eggs, milk, soy, peanuts, fish, wheat, etc. When an allergy-causing agent is consumed for the first time, the immune system responds to it by generating specific antibodies. However, when the same allergen is consumed again, these antibodies release histamine to fight against the allergic substance much quicker and this histamine affects the skin, respiratory system, and other systems of the body.Urticaria/hivesSkin condition due to food allergy can be in the form of skin rash or hives also known as urticaria. Urticaria are typically red, swollen, itchy and sometimes stingy too. Due to the allergic reaction, swelling may appear under the skin, known as angioedema, which is generally associated with hives, but can occur on its own too. The swelling is generally seen around the eyes and lips and at times can even affect hands, feet and throat. A severe allergic reaction is rare and is a medical emergency, as the person could go into an anaphylactic shock, which can be fatal. Anaphylactic shock is characterized by difficulty in breathing due to intense swelling within the throat along with other symptoms of allergy.EczemaAnother common skin condition associated with food allergies is eczema. There is a strong correlation between the two. It has been seen that infants with eczema have a tendency of developing food allergy later in life. Occasionally, some food items have also been known to trigger eczema. It is very difficult to pinpoint a particular food item that may be causing an allergic reaction as our diet includes varied ingredients. The doctor may advise to stay away from general allergy-causing food items so as to rule them out. In addition,a blood test can also be performed to check for levels of antibodies that can be related to specific food allergies. The doctor may perform an allergy skin test, alsocalled a scratch test, to identify the substances that are causing your allergysymptoms.Management of skin conditionsThe best treatment for food allergies is to stay away from allergy-causing food items. However, when suffering from an allergy, keep in mind that mild rashes subside on their own. Do not scratch these rashes. You can apply cold water or rub ice on hives for instant relief. Besides, oral antihistamines help in relieving itching and congestion. In case of severe reactions, corticosteroids, like prednisone, help in reducing swelling. In fatal conditions, like anaphylactic shock,an epinephrine injection should be given immediately to reverse the symptoms. In case of eczema, withdrawal of allergen alone does not help, medications and local applications are needed for complete treatment.

Homoeopathic Therapy - for Skin Rejuvenation , Skin & Hair Disorder and Cosmetic Problem.

Dr. Balkrishna Singh, Dermatologist
Get advice on skin care from - Dr Balkrishna Singh (M.D.) Hom - Dermatologists, Tricologist & Cosmetologist. Appointment : 9028181168Who doesn’t want a healthy skin? But getting that healthy skin is far easier said than done! We all suffer from skin issues-some common, some not so much. Skin conditions depend on umpteen numbers of factors, such as hormone imbalance, blood impurity, stomach problems, etc.There are some skin problems, which are just superficial while most others are related to internal problems. Skin issues affect the face, hands and other exposed parts of the body. Treating them superficially means just suppressing them, which may lead to similar or graver problems elsewhere or cause it to reappear with more intensity. So the best way to treat these skin problems is to treat them from their roots, internally.Homeopathy is the system of medicine in which ailments are treated by minimal doses of natural substances. It attacks and cures the root cause of the ailment without causing side effects. To deal with skin disease, it not only studies the skin type but also takes into account a complete analysis of the mind, genetic factors and the condition of the immune system. Homeopathy just doesn’t treat the symptoms, but delves inside the body and takes on the root cause behind the symptoms.Homeopathy is effective in treating various skin problems, such as eczema, rashes, allergic dermatitis, Uriticaria, Psoriasis, Lichen Planus and other variants, Lichen Planus and other variants, Chronic and recurring bacterial infections, Chronic and recurring bacterial infections, Fungus infections, Vitiligo, acne, Dandruff, hair loss and many other skin ailments.Get advice on skin care from - Dr Balkrishna Singh (M.D.) Homoeopathic Dermatologists, Tricologist & Cosmetologist. Appointment : 9028181168Homeopathy For Skin Problems – Top 10 Treatments:Here is a list of top 10 treatments in homeopathy for skin problems, which if followed will give amazing results. Read on to know more:1. Rhus Toxicodendron:This is a useful remedy for treating Eczema. In Eczema, the skin is covered with numerous vesicular eruptions. The symptoms of eczema include itching, tingling, swelling, etc. The symptoms get worse at night, during winter and in damp weather. Cold air aggravates the problem. Warmth and moisturizing provides some temporary relief. It tends to get worse and become uriticaria and herpes, if not treated on time.Rhus-Tox is very effective in controlling and treating this disease.2. Natrum Muriaticum:This remedy is also for eczema. It not only treats eczema but is also known to provide relief from mental disturbances caused due to grief and disappointment, being resentful, dwelling on past unhappy instances, fears of rejection, etc.3. Graphites:It is a remedy for a number of skin diseases. The symptoms which it treats are moist scruffy eruptions on the scalp, face, bends of joints, between fingers and behind the ears. It also treats cracked corners of the mouth and eyes, bleeding and release of a gluey, honey-like, thick, tenacious discharge, etc. It is also useful in treating symptoms, such as dry and itchy skin; brittle hair that tends to fall off and other such related symptoms.4. Pulsatilla:Pulsatilla is predominantly a female remedy. This remedy treats rashes with profuse menses or scanty menses or rashes due to gastric or uterine problems. Diarrhea may also accompany these rashes. Nettle rash, which is worse at the beginning of winter, as well as itching when exposed to air, is also treated by this medicine. Acne can also be healed with Pulsatilla.5. Sepia:If you have that point towards herpes, Sepia is the medicine to take. This Homeopathic medicine treats symptoms of herpetic conditions around the bends of joints, knees and ankles, behind the ears. In the beginning, it is dry, and then it turns moist and releases discharge. Brownish spots on the skin, yellow spots, and liver spots are few of the other symptoms. It also treats eczema on hands, as well as dry, rough and chapped skin. It is also good in treating Psoriasis.6. Arsenicum:It is a useful remedy for many of the skin problems where the skin is thickened like in chronic uriticaria, psoriasis and chronic eczema. People suffering from these conditions experience swelling along with itching and burning sensations. It also cures nettle rash and pimples.7. Sulphur:Sulphur is best known as the ‘skin remedy’! It has a particularly powerful centrifugal action, in that it brings symptoms to the surface. It treats the burning aggravation resulting from washing. Soreness and itching in the folds of the skin, its roughness and coarseness is also taken care of by Sulphur. Itching in the scalp, hair fall, deficient growth of nails are few other symptoms that sulphur can treat. It is also useful in Psoriasis and eczema. It also treats acne.8. Nitricum Acidum:It is one of the best remedies for treating ulcers with symptoms like profuse granulations, ragged and zigzag and often raised edges, vascular bleeding, blisters and ulcers in mouth, tongue, genitals that bleed easily. Fissures, pain during bowel movement, excessive physical irritability, etc. are the other symptoms nitric acid or Nitricum Acidum addresses.9. Cantharis:Cantharis is used to treat burns or skin conditions that resemble burns. It is also helpful in curing sunburn, blisters, skin eruptions, and insect bites. Symptoms it addresses include blister formation and searing pain. In fact, it can relieve the pain associated with second or third degree burns. If applied on unbroken skin, in case of a burn, it promptly relieves pain and often prevents vesication. If the skin is broken, it can be administered externally with boiled or distilled water.10. Thuja Occidentalis:This homeopathy medicine for skin problems is very useful in treating problems like warts, acne, age spots etc. It helps the body to get rid of scaly patches, itchy skin, and brown age spots. It treats the skin in case of papulo-vesiculo-pustulur eruptions. It also cures tubercles, warts epithelioma, naevi, carbuncles; ulcers, especially in ano-genital region, freckles, dry skin etc.The main action of Thuja is on the skin and genito-urinary organs. It has a specific antibacterial action that helps in treating acne, blackheads, whiteheads etc.Homeopathy has vast range of medicines for treating and curing skin problems and skin allergies. There are many medicines, other than the 10 mentioned above, that can treat a number of skin issues. Each homeopathy medicine treats a variety of diseases. So, the homeopath first prefers to understand the mind, habits, genetics, and other ailments of the patient and then prescribe the medicine to address the problems.Homeopathy medicines are the most effective and sure shot treatment option that not just heals but repairs the body from within.So, if you are looking to treat your skin from within, visit your nearest Homeopathic Dermatologist ! He will have answers for all your questions—well, almost all!Stay beautiful, stay healthy.