Diet for inflammatory bowel disease/ gastrointestinal problems:

  1. Possible Causes: Complex interaction of environmental factors, changes in intestinal flora, various genetic factors that tend to change along with vivid changes in the immune system of the body
  2. Risk Factors: Factors that contribute to such condition are excessive sugar consumption, animal fats, and linoleic acid
  3. Protective Role: This role is played by high fibre and citrus fruits consumption 

Note: During the disease term period low fibre diet is given

Foods to avoid:

  • Aerated drinks and beverages (basically all gas forming food products)  
  • Chocolates and bakery items (foods that are high in sugars)
  • Animal proteins like meats, eggs, organ meats, red meats, etc 
  • Fats and oily foods especially ones rich in cholesterol   
  • Trans fats: bakery items and others  
  • Refined carbs and sugars 
  • Extra spices and condiments  
  • Milk

Foods allowed:

  • Milk products like curd, paneer, tofu·   
  • Foods rich in high fibre particularly from fruits
  • Vitamin c rich foods are highly encouraged    
  • Fruit juices may anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative  
  • Germinated barley
  • Whole grain products  (avoid chokar during the term of disease)   
  • Gingelly seeds, lotus stem 
  • Nuts (only in prescribed amounts) 
  • Oranges, tamarinds, and citrus foods  
  • Yellow and red fruits and vegetables like carrots, bell peppers etc     
  • Psyllium seeds are also reported useful 

Instructions for lifestyle:

  • Take frequent small meals around 6-8 meals a day     
  • Use multigrain flour and don't strain it (avoid fibre during the course of the disease)     
  • Use combinations of oil    
  • Eat plenty of seasonal fruits and vegetables    
  • Drink 12-16 glasses of water daily  
  • Go stress-free
  • Go for a daily walk for around 30-45 mins daily     
  • Don't intake heavy and bulky meals at night 
  • Have dinner before 3-4 hours you sleep