Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy often experience proteinuria and swelling, and some may also have combined with high blood pressure. As for the patients, a proper dietary plan is very essential in protecting their kidneys and slowing down kidney condition aggravation. Dietary plan in Diabetic Nephropathy mainly includes the follows:
- Take low protein food, but they can take adequate fish, lean meat, egg white or chicken to replenish the lost protein. These foods contain high-quality protein which produces little wastes.
- Avoid high-potassium foods, like low sodium salt, sauce without salt, pickles, processed cans, ginseng powder, chicken powder, strong tea etc.
- Avoid High uric-acid food, like animal giblets, seafood, dried fish, beans etc.
- Foods that contain a high amount of energy but low protein should be chosen, like potato, sweet potato and pumpkin should be considered.
- Low lipid consumptions. Olive oil and peanut oil have abundant monounsaturated fatty acids, which are good for human beings.
- In end-stage kidney disease, as kidneys fail to excrete potassium and sodium. Foods like rape, spinach, tomato, kelp, banana and peach should be limited.
- If Diabetic Nephropathy patients have high blood pressure and swelling symptoms, they also need to limit salt intake. Foods rich in salt include pickles, salted eggs, salted vegetables, tomato sauce, barbecue, bacon and various seasons. Besides, fluids intake is also necessary to prevent the aggravation of swelling symptoms.
- Limit sugar intake, which needs patients to keep far away from foods with high sugar like chocolate, orange juice, coconut, brown sugar and so on. The above is the general principles that Diabetic Nephropathy patients need to follow. Due to different illness condition, exact dietary principles for Diabetic Nephropathy patients may vary from one to one.