Cause of Bladder Stone

These stones are usually associated with urinary stasis, but they can form in healthy individuals without evidence of anatomic defects, strictures, infections, or foreign bodies. 

The presence of upper urinary tract calculi is not necessarily a predisposition to the formation of bladder stones.

Bladder outlet obstruction remains the most common cause of bladder calculi in adults.

  • Prostatic enlargement.
  • Elevation of bladder neck.High post void residual urine volume cause stasis, which leads to crystal nucleation and accretion

Symptoms of Bladder Stone

The presentation of vesicle calculi varies from completely asymptomatic to the following symptoms:-

  • Supra pubic pain (lower abdominal),
  • Dysuria (pain while passing urine).
  • Intermittent flow of urine.
  • Increased frequency of urination,
  • Hesitancy.
  • Nocturia.
  • Urinary retention.