Bad breath also know know as Halitosis, is a common problem in most of the individuals,.

The main cause of this bad breath is improper oral hygiene maintenance.

Reasons for bad breath: there are two factors which cause this bad breath:

  • Local factors 
  • Systemic factors.

Local factors include:

  • Improper oral hygiene,
  • Food lodgement/interdental food impaction.
  • Dental caries.
  • Faulty restorations where food lodgement occurs.
  • Gum infections/Periodontal diseases.
  • Healing wounds.
  • Dentures not cleaned properly.
  • Pericoronitis (Problem occurs with third molars/wisdom tooth.)
  • Coatings on the tongue.

Systemic factors:

  • Pharyngitis
  • Tonsillitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Digestive system disorders
  • Some renal (Kidney problems ex: trimethylaminuria.
  • Diabetes patients

Other causes of halitosis (Bad breath):

  • Excess usage of garlic,onions, tobacco,alcohol, betel etc. 
  • Halitophobia  (Pseudo-halitosis)

Treatment and prevention of bad breath:

  • Maintenance of good oral hygiene.
  • Brushing your teeth twice a day.
  • Change your brush minimum after 2 months.
  • Gargling mouth with water after every meal/intake of food.
  • Using dental floss/interdental cleaning aids along with your toothbrush.
  • Using mouthwash prescribed by your dentist if needed.
  • Professional cleaning of teeth if needed.
  • Cleaning tongue properly.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Decreasing intake of garlic, onion and spicy food.
  • Consult your physician for any systemic problems.
  • Regular dental check up: Consult your dentist for every 6 months .

So, maintain good oral hygiene and be healthy, because ORAL HEALTH IS OVERALL HEALTH.

Thank you.