Gums around your teeth can make or break your smile.You can have very attractive natural teeth,bonding,veneers or crowns,but if your gum tissue is red,puffy,or bleeding,then the result is an unattractive smile.Also if your gum tissue shrinks away from your beautiful restorations,leaving a black triangle where the gum used to be,you are left with an older-looking and unaesthetic smile.
What is gum disease?
Gum disease also called periodontal disease is caused by excessive bacteria building up in the mouth.In early stages,gum may bleed easily and appear red,tender,spongy,and slightly swollen.Eventually,the disease may lead to recession of the gums,destruction of the underlying bone,loosening of the teeth,and ultimately tooth loss.In addition,periodontal disease present a major health risk.Research has shown that it has a strong connection with heart disease,lung disease,diabetes,and other systemic illnesses.
Gum disease treatment:
- Plaque removal accomplished through diligent home care(brushing,flossing)and regular visit to the dentist for professional cleanings,often prevents gum disease or stops it in its early stages.
- If gum disease is more advanced ,professional root planing and curettage may be required.Root planing is the removal of plaque and calculus from the tooth crowns and root surfaces.Curettage is the removal of the diseased gum tissue.These procedures combined with meticulous home care may be sufficient to control the disease,depending on its severity.
- In later stages of the disease,surgery is often required.The dentist surgically fits sections of gum tissue,removes plaque and calculus,and corrects bone defects.The tissue is then positioned to allow more efficient cleaning.The procedure usually requires only a local anesthetic.
- If surgery reveals extreme bone loss,then bone grafting or guided bone regeneration (GBR) is sometimes required.These procedures are typically performed over the course of several appointments but in some cases may be done all at once with the use of conscious sedation.
Prevention is best!
Regular brushing,flossing,rinsing,gum massage.keep your mouth as clean as possible.