As this topic 'Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Women' is a vast topic and we want to bring understanding to this topic in as simple a language as possible such that it can be easily understood by everyone, we are starting an article series. The introductory article will give you a glimpse of how will we go about it.
We will first discuss the definitions and the terms used to describe abnormal uterine bleeding like menorrhagia, metrorrhagia and oligomenorrhea.
We will discuss normal cycle duration and interval.
The incidence of abnormal uterine bleeding and the most common reasons that are there in childhood, adolescence, reproductive age, perimenopause and menopause age group will be discussed.
We will also talk about other symptoms of AUB like post-coital bleeding and pelvic pain.
Diagnosis is done by physical examination of the patient, lab investigations include blood tests and cytologic examination.
Endometrial biopsy, sonography, colour Doppler and hysteroscopy are also done to arrive at a diagnosis.
Management options depend on the cause of the problem, like surgical treatment in cases of the endometrial and endocervical polyp.
Hormone-releasing intrauterine devices and oral tablets which can be hormonal or non-hormonal are used.
Other medicines like antifibrinolytic drugs, haemostatic agents and iron therapy are also used
So, friends, you do get an idea of what all things we will cover under this topic ‘Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Women’ or AUB
In next update of the article of this series, we will take one of the above-listed topics and bring more clarity on that
Keep a watch on this article itself as a dated update will arrive soon.
-As promised, we will continue our discussion on Abnormal Uterine Bleeding & will discuss a few definitions today.
-Menorrhagia is defined as prolonged or heavy cyclic menstruation with menses lasting for more than 7 days & blood loss exceeding more than 80 ml.
-Metrorrhagia or intermenstrual bleeding is also commonly referred to as breakthrough bleeding
-Frequently women complain of both patterns menorrhagia as well as metrorrhagia.
-Hypomenorrhea is defined as diminished flow or shortening of menses.
-Normal menstruation typically occurs every 28 days + 7 days.
-Cycles with interval longer than 35 days are described as Oligomenorrhoea.
-Withdrawal bleeding refers to predictable bleeding that results from an abrupt decline in progesterone levels.
- So friends , in next update of this series will discuss in detail about some other aspect of this topic.