1. ONLY OLDER PEOPLE GET DIABETES

  • Earlier, diabetes occurring in children and youngsters was considered to be type 1 (juvenile/ insulin dependant) diabetes. However the scenario is fast changing now
  • Nowadays, unhealthy lifestyles are causing a lot of youngsters to develop the more common variety of type 2 diabetes. Today, it is not uncommon for teenagers or people in their 20s and 30s to be detected as being  type 2 diabetic.   

     2. DIABETES MEDICINES SHOULD NOT BE TAKEN FOR LONG AS THEY DAMAGE KIDNEYS

  • Many people stop their diabetes medicines once their blood reports are normal, fearing damage by long term usage of medicines
  • The truth is that stopping medicines will again cause the blood sugar level to rise and an uncontrolled blood sugar may damage not only the kidneys, but also eyes, nerves, heart, liver in the long run

     3. MY FASTING AND 2 HOUR POST LUNCH REPORTS ARE WITHIN NORMAL LIMITS, SO I SHOULD NOT WORRY

  • Your sugar level at other times of the day or on other days may not be within limits. Hence, you need to do a blood test called as HbA1c every 3 months which will tell you if you are well controlled in general over the past 3 months
  • Apart from that, lipid profile, kidney function tests, liver function tests, eye examination, feet examination should be done at least once a year or in some cases, more frequently, to detect any complications of diabetes at an early stage  
      4. DIABETES AFFECTS ONLY THOSE WHO EAT MORE SUGAR

  • Unfortunately, all Indians have a  risk of developing type 2 diabetes ( we are genetically more prone). However, it is not only the sugar intake but an unhealthy lifestyle which decides whether you will develop diabetes or not. This includes irregular meal and sleep timings, over intake of fast food/ oily food leading to weight gain, lack of adequate exercise
  • Healthy habits need to be inculcated right from childhood. For all the mothers out there, a chubby child is NOT a healthy child!
      5. A SPECIAL DIET IS REQUIRED FOR DIABETICS

  • This may be true in certain special cases as decided by your doctor. However, most diabetics need to follow a healthy dietary and lifestyle pattern which should be followed even by non-diabetics
  • What is more important is to have small frequent meals rather than 3 heavy meals, increasing fibre intake in the form of fresh fruits and vegetables, avoiding processed food( tinned/ready to eat meals/ bakery foods), increasing water intake, ensuring adequate sleep and having a brisk walk for 30-40 minutes daily with appropriate footwear
  • Crash diets should not be attempted as they will do more harm than good

      6. INSULIN WILL DAMAGE MY BODY

  • Insulin is an injection which needs to be taken daily in some individuals with diabetes. Your doctor will prescribe it only if your diabetes cannot be controlled by tablets, either on a temporary or a permanent basis
  • It is the best medicine to control blood sugar levels and if taken in the right dose and if precautions are followed, it will cause no harm
  • Nowadays, better varieties of insulins and insulin needles with a very fine tip are available which make the injections almost painless