Tonsillitis is an inflammation ofthe tonsils most commonly caused by viral or bacterial infection. Adenoids areglands that look like tonsils, and they are found at the back of the nose. Themain function of adenoids is to fight off infection and trap bacteria thatenter through the nose. A child is naturally born with small adenoids, and theygrow larger as the child grows bigger. By the age of 10 to 12, the adenoidsreach their full maximum size and stop growing and shrink on its own.


The common conventional treatment in acute phase of tonsils andadenoid infection is to keep the patient under antibiotic coverage withoffering symptomatic treatment. The long term solution is the surgical removalof the adenoids and tonsils. Here many questions comes in mind which are needed to be answered. ·                Why those tonsils andadenoids are present in our body? What is their role in our body? If they havesome importance in our body by removing wouldn’t it create any problem infuture?· Everybody have adenoidsand tonsils. But why not all peoples are affected with frequent tonsillitis oradenoid where as only few peoples are affected? What are the reasons?·Removal of adenoids ortonsils does solve the problem permanently in those children who were sufferingfrequent tonsillitis or adenoids?

The tonsils and adenoids are thought to assist the body in itsdefense against incoming bacteria and viruses by helping the body formantibodies. They act as part of the body’s immune system by filtering bacteriaand virus that enter the body through the nose and mouth. When you breathe inair, it flows down a pathway from the nose through the throat down to the lungsthat is called the upper respiratory tract or airway. The position of yourtonsils and adenoids create a protective circle around this airway in an effortto trap harmful infections before they reach the lungs where they could passinto the blood stream.This function is thought to be important when people arevery young and their immune systems are still developing. This has been shownthat children who have had their tonsils and adenoids removed experiencefrequent upper respiratory infection, acute pharyngitis, and allergicmanifestations. Some people get removal of adenoids (adenoidectomies) in orderto relieve problems such as nasal drainage and sinus and ear infections, but itis found even after adenoidectomy it does not work to handle and resolve theseinfections. An adenoidectomy also runs the risk of failing at handling healthconditions such as sleep apnea, snoring and mouth breathing. In certain cases,adenoidectomies do not work to improve and repair the nasal airway. One rarerisk of having an adenoidectomy is having the voice permanently change. Everyone have tonsils and adenoids but a few peoples or mostlychildren are affected by frequently tonsillitis and adenoiditis. The reasonsare: