In this crisis time, we all are staying home and almost all dental clinics are shut because of this pandemic. Minor gum bleeding problems can be solved by some easy home remedies.

Gum bleeding is a common problem and an indicator of poor oral hygiene. The most common reason for gum bleeding is plaque (tartar) build-up.

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 Diagram showing plaque (tartar- yellow color seen on tooth) leading to bleeding gums. 

Identifying the cause of bleeding gums helps  in determining the most appropriate treatment

Most common causes of gum bleeding:

1. Not brushing properly or brushing too hard causing trauma to the gums

2. Using dental floss roughly

3. Infection in your gums 

4. Medical conditions like pregnancy, blood disorders, intake of anticoagulants can also aggravate bleeding of gums

5. Poor eating habits can be one of the reasons for bleeding gums

Remedies:

1. Practice good oral hygiene

-Brush gently and twice daily.

-Food lodged between teeth should be removed by flossing. Floss at least once a day.

- Change your brush every 3-4 months or when you see the bristles wear or tear off because they become less effective in removing plaque. 

2. Diet

- Avoid sticky and food containing sugar. They attract bacteria leading to plaque accumulation which eventually leads to gum diseases and gum bleeding.

- Include fibrous food in your diet as it helps to keep your teeth and gums healthy. Also, include food containing Vitamin C (to increase your immunity and help in the production of collagen ) and Vitamin K (to help in blood clotting).

- Triphala tea is effective in treating gum diseases. It has astringent properties and hemostatic properties to stop the bleeding of gums.

3. Using gauze soaked in ice water

- For quick relief, hold a piece of gauze soaked in ice water against swollen or bleeding gums.

- Ice packs help to reduce pain and swelling caused by gingivitis (gum inflammation). 

- It should be applied to the affected areas with considerable pressure to stop bleeding.

- If the bleeding does not stop consider calling your Dentist or Doctor.

4. Using a warm salt water rinse

- Rinsing the mouth with warm salt water can help reduce bacteria and inflammation.

- Swish the salt rinse around the mouth and spit it out. Do this 2-3 times a day.

- If it does not help, call your dentist.

5. Using antibacterial mouthwash 

- Mouthwash helps to prevent gingival inflammation, which is a common cause of bleeding gums.

- Mouthwashes containing Chlorhexidine (CHX), can be very useful. It has antibacterial properties and has been found to lower the bacterial count in saliva and plaque.

- Rinsing twice daily for two weeks can give satisfactory results.

When to see a Dentist

- See a dentist if gum bleeding doesn't improve in 7-10 days.

- Do not self medicate, seek the advice from the doctor or dentist.

- If any trauma to your gums or any part of the oral cavity, do a cold compress to stop bleeding and contact your dentist.

Stay Healthy, Stay Safe