Warts are benign growth that takes roots on the surface of skin. They are the kind of viral infections more likely to occur when when virus comes in contact with the skin and causes an infection. They are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). HPV stimulates the quick growth of cells of the skin’s outer layer. In most of the cases common warts appears on the finger near the fingernails, or on the hands. There may be black dots in the warts they are the blood vessels that can lead to bleeding.
The main symptom is a fleshy painless over growth on the skin. It looks like a solid blister or a small cauliflowerin shape:
- Warts can be of various types such as plantar, genital, palmar, etc.
- Plantar warts basically appears as flesh colored or light brown lumps commonly seen on the soles of the feet. They look like small callous and tend to pop up in clusters of more than one. They're commonly seen in people who do lots of bare foot activities.
- Genital warts appears on the pubic areas, on the genitals, in or around the anus or in the vagina.
- Palmar warts basically appear son the palm.
- Filiformare fast growing warts looks like thread. They can be more problematic as they tend to grow on face around mouth, eyes and nose.
1. Supportive care: It can be self healing usually improves over time without treatment.
2. Cauterization: Burning or freezing a part of a body to remove the tissue or stop bleeding.
3. Cryotherapy: By doing extremely cold surgery by using liquid nitrogen to freeze a wart.
4. Electrosurgery: Using electric current to cut the tissues and control bleeding during surgery.
5. Laser: Surgery using extremely hot and focused beam of light to remove tissue and control bleeding.
6. Minor surgeries: When the warts cannot be removed by other therapies, surgeries are used to cut the warts.
7. Medications like bleomycin, which is injected into a wart kills the virus and imiquimod an immuno therapy drug that stimulates the immune system to fight off the warts virus.
8. Salicylic acid gradually dissolves the wart tissue when applied regularly.