A Wisdom Tooth, also known as the Third Molar, is one of the three molars of a quadrant in the human dentition. It is the most posterior of the three molars. It generally erupts in a adult during the late teens or early twenties. Though a Third Molar does not contribute even to an iota of human intelligence, it called a Wisdom Tooth because it usually erupts very late in life, at an age when a person matures into adulthood is wiser.
Problems necessitating Removal of a Wisdom Tooth
- When an impacted Wisdom Tooth pushes against a neighbouring second molar
- Decay of infection due to poor oral hygiene
- Bacteria around an impacted tooth leading to Gum disease
- When fluid-filled Cysts or Tumours from around a Wisdom Tooth causing damage to the jaw bone or nerves
- Pain / swelling around the gums or jaws in the region of a Wisdom Tooth which radiates to the forehead or ears
- When there is a possibility that such a tooth has the potential to create complications in your mouth
When is it not necessary to remove a Wisdom Tooth?
- It is healthy
- The tooth is fully erupted
- They are correctly positioned and have proper occlusion with the opposing teeth
- Can be cleaned properly
Your Dentist / Oral and Maxillofacial surgeon will usually advise a series of tests before extraction a Wisdom Tooth. He may Prescribe Antibiotics prior to the procedure, if necessary. You may develop localized swelling after the removal of a Wisdom Tooth. This is quite normal and will usually subside on its own in a few days.
If you have a pressing problem with your Wisdom Tooth, visit your Dentist to get it resolved immediately or else it may lead to serious dental problems.