Today is iron deficiency anaemia day which i has highest number in India. It is silent and may not manifest with symptoms unless routine CBC/Hemoglobin is done.

Symptoms of iron deficiency:

  • Pale skin
  • Weakness/unusual tiredness or Shortness of Breath
  • Headache/ light-headedness and Dizziness
  • Heart palpitations, 
  • Swelling and Soreness of the Tongue and Mouth
  • Difficulty of swallowing or sensation of something in throat/globus. 

Iron deficiency is either due to nutritional deficiency especially in children/due to blood loss in menstruating females etc.

Sources of Iron are: spinach  and green leafy vegetables, Beans and lentils, beet roots, dark chocolates, dates, cashews, pumpkin seeds, liver and red meat, whole-grain and enriched breads, Breakfast cereals.

Fruits rich in vit C helps in absorption of Iron. But coffee, tea, wine, calcium-rich foods like milk, cheese, calcium tablets can reduce iron absorption.

Calcium supplements should not be taken with food, tea/ coffee. Iron supplements are must for deficiency anaemia. Severe deficiency patients with difficulty of swallowing need injections of iron.