Hyper pigmentation is a disorder characterized by dark areas on the skin, and is caused by the increased amount of melanin, the dark pigment of the skin. Exposure to sunlight, pregnancy, certain diseases, age or trauma can lead to disorders of melanin and create unsightly brown spots characteristic of this benign disorder.

The exact causes can be divided into two groups: external and internal. 

External causes can be those coming from the environment, such as exposure to the sun’s rays, or to chemical compounds (betaxolol, minocycline, estrogen, progesterone, and so on).

 Internal causes are related to heritage – people with darker skin are more prone to developing this disorder.

Freckles, age spots and sun spots are caused by harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun that damage melanin and result in temporary or permanent discoloration. Often, these stains can be observed on the face and hands; however, they can occur on any part of the skin that has been exposed to the sun.

The scars from trauma or surgery can also cause discoloration of the skin, and even if the problem goes away, the dark spots remain.

Melasma is a skin hyper-pigmentation that occurs during pregnancy, although sometimes it can also affect men. It is usually talked about as the mask of pregnancy, because of the brown spots covering the face – mainly nose and cheeks. This disorder usually goes away by itself after pregnancy and does not cause major problems.

Home Remedy for Hyperpigmentations


Turmeric Powder 1 Tsp.

Lemon Juice Tsp.


Take 1 tsp turmeric powder (turmeric),Add 1 teaspoon lemon juice,Mix well,Apply to the affected area.

Leave it on for 15 minutes to dry.

Rinse with cold water.