Feet are the foundation of our body .when our foundation is misaligned or poorly performing the effects can be translated throughout the body resulting in muscular or joint pains.Over 75% of the population suffers from overpronation or excessive supination,still most of general population is unaware of our own foot type and how it affects the rest of our body.
What is my foot type?
Neutral refers to good alignment in the feet and ankles in which the feet and ankles form a straight line. The feet form a stable platform with pressure distributed evenly across the heel and forefoot. A neutral gait refers to efficient biomechanics in which the feet, legs and body work as they should. For the feet, this means they pronate to absorb shock as the foot strikes the ground, then supinate to form a rigid lever for even push-off.
- Pronation : Pronation is the natural way that our feet absorb shock: when our feet strike the ground the arches flex down and in to disperse the impact.
- Overpronation : The amount of overpronation can vary from mild to severe. In severe overpronation the feet and ankles can rotate too far inward just during standing.
Overpronation can lead to-
Overpronation can negatively affect overall body alignment. The lowering of the longitudinal arch pulls the heel bone in, causing the leg, thigh bone and hip to rotate inwards, and an anterior tilt of the pelvis. Unnecessary strain to the ankles, knees, hips and back can result.
Plantar fasciitis and inflammation, metatarsal pain, problems with the Achilles tendon, pain on the inside of the knee, and bursitis in the hip.
SUPINATION : Supination is a natural part of all walking and running. It is the way the feet propel the body forward: the foot turns or rotates outward as the heel lifts, weighting the forefoot and toes to push-off the ground.
Excessive supination : In excessive supination the foot rolls outward, distributing more weight along the outside of the foot and pushing the anklebone out. This causes excess strain on the ankle muscles and tendons and decreases ankle flexion, reducing the foot’s natural ability to absorb shock Ankles are under continual strain, making it harder to stabilize them. This increases risk of ankle sprains, knee problems or ligament, stress fractures, shin splints, back pain and increased metatarsal pronation