Coronavirus has spread to more than 200 countries now (1). It’s everywhere around the world and it infected more than 12,00,000 people and caused deaths to thousands (2).
However, did you know that more than 80% of infected people recovered without hospitalization (3)? Although there’s no medication to corona yet most of the people have only mild symptoms and get over it. But this doesn’t mean there’s no risk and you should certainly follow steps to prevent it. Today you’ll learn everything about coronavirus and how to prevent it. You’ll learn
1. What is coronavirus 2. The symptoms of coronavirus3. Who is at risk?4. The prevention of coronavirus5. Natural plants for better immunity
What is coronavirus?
SARS-CoV-2 is a new type of coronavirus which causes COVID-19. It first appeared in China in December 2019 but now it’s spread all around the globe. It causes respiratory illness in humans and animals. All coronaviruses are zoonotic which means they first developed in animals.
Then a person got infected and spread it all around. Now more than 215 thousand people are infected and more than 8 thousand people are dead.
Coronavirus is spreading immensely fast. This is because of its symptoms and the way it spreads – by the respiratory droplets. This is basically everything wet which moves when you sneeze or cough.
The symptoms of coronavirus aren’t always the same. They vary from person to person. They may appear very late when you have already infected other people. Some people don’t even know they have coronavirus. The symptoms of COVID-19 are usually mild and progress slowly.
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are:
• High temperature or fever• Shortness of breath• Cough• Fatigue
However, symptoms aren’t the only reason for its fast spread.
It’s very infectious just one drop can infect you. It’s very dangerous and you must be careful especially if you’re at increased risk. We’ll talk more about people who are at increased risk in the next section.
Who is at risk?
The answer is everybody. Whether you’re a woman or man old or young you’re at risk.
These include people who are:
1. 70+ years old2. Having long-term medical condition – diabetes lung disease heart disease3. Having a weakened immune system4. Pregnant
All of these risk factors make you weaker and more susceptible to catching it. Therefore you should try to minimize this risk which you’ll learn how in the next section.
How to Prevent Coronavirus
Catching COVID-19 can be easy that’s why you have to be consistent with the prevention. We’ll look at couple of easy ways to prevent coronavirus.
If you implement all of them into your life your chances of catching coronavirus decrease drastically.
If you want to prevent coronavirus you should:
1. Wash Your Hands Regularly
The most important thing in preventing COVID-19 is washing your hands. Most of the time coronavirus gets on to your hands. This is because you touch everything with your hands – door handle food buttons in the elevator.
Therefore it’s very important to clean coronavirus from your hands. Unfortunately, most people wash their hands wrongly.
Let’s look at 5 steps to wash your hands properly (4):
1. Wet your hands Turn on the water (ideally with your forearm) and wet your hands. Then turn off the tap and apply soap.
2. Lather your hands by rubbing soap and your hands together. Be sure to cover all areas of your hands. Start with palms and fingers continue with thumbs and back of your hands.
3. Scrub your hands This step is very important you need to scrub your hands for at least 30 seconds.
4. Rinse your hands under clean running water.
5. Dry your hands with a clean towel.
Repeat this process 2 times. Most people wash their hands just a few seconds. This can lead to not cleaning up bacteria and viruses from your hands and catching COVID-19.
However, it’s also very important how regularly you wash your hands.
You must wash your hands:1. Before during and after preparing food2. Before eating anything3. After using the toilet4. After blowing your nose sneezing or couching5. After touching or feeding animals
People are constantly looking for other ways to prevent coronavirus. However it all starts with washing your hands. It’s the most important thing and you need to start taking it seriously.
2. Avoid Close Contact with People
This applies mostly to the younger generation. There’s quarantine almost everywhere so people aren’t at work and kids aren’t at school. This is mostly to prevent the spreading of coronavirus.
Unfortunately, many people confuse it with holidays. They go and with their friends and are around people all the time.
It’s not only inappropriate but also very risky. All it takes is one drop cough or sneeze and you may be infected.
However, when you need to go out for whatever important reason have at least something to cover up your mouth. Having a respirator is the best option it can block out up to 95% of airborne particles. It can even filter out bacteria and viruses (5).
Unfortunately there’re almost any respirators left. However this doesn’t mean you can’t use a face mask or anything to cover up your mouth and nose.
Remember everything which can cover up your mouth and nose is better than nothing whether it’s a scarf or homemade face mask.
Respect all of the regulations minimize your contact with people protect your mouth & nose and stay healthy.
3) Get Enough Sleep
Insufficient sleep is a big problem in today’s world. However did you know that sleep can impact your immune system?
When you sleep your body produces and releases cytokines. Cytokines are a type of protein which targets inflammation and infection. They’re responsible for effective immune system response (6).
But if you don’t sleep enough you’re producing fewer cytokines and increasing your risk of getting ill.
Chronic sleep loss can even make the flu vaccine less effective by reducing your body’s ability to respond. You are also shortening your life and increasing your chances of dying prematurely by 12% (7).
There’s also a problem with melatonin production when you don’t get adequate sleep. Melatonin is a hormone which is produced when you sleep. It is released before you go to sleep and during sleep.
That’s why people with irregular sleeping schedules have a problem falling asleep. Melatonin doesn’t know when to release so you have hard time falling asleep.
However melatonin plays also a role in the immune system too. It helps your body differentiate between normal cells in your body and bacteria or viruses. It also helps with triggering immune system response (8).
Having insufficient levels of melatonin can put you at the risk of being sick. Go to sleep early sleep regularly for at least 8 hours every night and boost your immunity.
4) Stress Management
Whether you believe it or not stress has a big impact on your health. When you are in stress your body is releasing corticosteroid. It’s a hormone that suppresses the effectiveness of your immune system (9).
Another thing is your response to stress. Most of the people are in stress because of some difficulties in their lives. Some of them want to just feel free and untroubled so they reach for alcohol or a cigarette.
However there’re also medical problems linked to stress.
Hypertension is very closely linked to high levels of stress. It increases your risk of getting heart attack or stroke and shortens your life.
All of these factors together contribute to weakening your immune system and making you more vulnerable to coronavirus. Try to balance your life get enough rest have some me-time and feel a lot better.
5) Strengthen Your Immune System
Another risk factor for catching COVID-19 is a weakened immune system. When you feel great and your immune system is strong it doesn’t mean you can’t strengthen it even more.
Diet and exercise can help you with all of that. Become stronger get more vitamins and be healthier.
Many people make excuses all the time that they don’t have time to exercise. Well not that you’re in quarantine you have more time for it.
You don’t have to go to the gym or life weight. Start light with some push-ups squats and sit-ups. Train with your bodyweight and develop strength and improve your immune system (10). This improves your resistance to coronavirus.
Another very important thing is diet. You are what you and that’s why if you want to stay healthy you must eat healthy.
Let’s look at the top 5 foods you must include in your diet to strengthen your immune system.
6) Citrus Fruits
Usually, when you catch a cold the first thing you do is to take vitamin C. It’s logical. Vitamin C boosts the production of white cells which in turn boosts immunity (11).
The most common ones are:
1. Grapefruit 2. Oranges 3. Lemons 4. Tangerine 5. Lime
Your body doesn’t produce vitamin C so it’s important to include these fruits in your diet daily. Just one medium orange is all you need for daily recommended vitamin C intake (12).
Broccoli is a superb nutritious vegetable. It contains both vitamins and minerals. Packed with antioxidants fiber and vitamin C A and E it’s one of the healthiest vegetables out there.
However, if you want to benefit from all of these nutrients as much as possible you have to cook it as little as possible. The best option is to not cook it at all.
Broccoli contains more than 84% of vitamin C (13). Include broccoli to your diet and boost your immunity tremendously.
Ginger is a great ingredient for helping with your immune system. It can help you decrease inflammation and improve sore throat. It also decreases chronic pain and lowers your cholesterol levels.
Gingerol which are bioactive substances in fresh ginger can help you lower the risk of infections. Ginger inhibits the growth of many different bacteria (14).
It’s especially good against viruses which cause respiratory infections such as coronavirus (15) Include it in your diet make yourself a tea and enjoy its benefits.
Nuts are great for your immune system and overall well-being. Especially almonds which deliver a massive amount of nutrients. They are among the world’s best sources of vitamin E (16).
Vitamin E is key to the healthy immune system lowering heart disease and decreasing the risk of cancer.
Eat a half-cup serving of almonds daily. This will provide you with 100% recommended daily amount of vitamin E.
d.) Green Tea
Green tea is considered to be the healthiest beverage on the planet (17). It’s packed with antioxidants and nutrients which are massively beneficial for your body.
Green tea has catechins which are nutrients that kill bacteria and viruses (19).
Replace your fruit tea with green tea to improve your immunity and decrease the risk of chronic disease.
Natural Plants for Better Immunity
"Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food”
Natural treatment is very beneficial for you and your body. It has been around for millenniums and was the first method of healing. It’s tested by Mother Earth and used around the world to treat medical conditions.
There’re three plants below which are very common and can be beneficial for strengthening your immunity or overcoming the disease.
Peppermint can help you with headaches migraines or digestive problems. But did you know that it can also strengthen your immune system?
Peppermint is very effective in killing bacteria and viruses (20). It also reduces several bacteria in your mouth and freshens your breath (21).
What’s even more breathtaking is that it can improve your sleep which is another factor in your immunity.
Peppermint tea is an ideal drink before a bed because it relaxes your muscles and makes you fall asleep easier (22).
There’re many reasons why you should include garlic in your diet. It’s very nutritious it has many vitamins & minerals and has very little calories.
However, it’s also great for your immunity and combating sickness. It’s especially good for the cold. One garlic a day can reduce the number of cold by incredibly 63% (23).
Its minerals and vitamins are very beneficial for your health and immune system. You should include it in your diet especially right now when coronavirus is everywhere.
Quercetin is a plant pigment that belongs to flavonoids. Flavonoids are a group of plant compounds and are present in fruit vegetables and grains.
Inflammation may be very dangerous. It can drastically decrease the effectiveness of your immune system and make it easier for viruses to attack you (26).
Quercetin also helps with healing your wounds and fighting bacteria and viruses. Try to include it in your diet get some fruit and vegetables make healthy salads avoid junk food drink green tea and stay healthy.
You’ll make yourself more resistant to coronavirus and won’t gain much fat during the quarantine.
COVID-19 is a very infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2. It developed in animals and progressed to humans. Even though it started in China now it’s all around the globe with more than 215k people infected.
Its symptoms aren’t always the same and are mild from the beginning. Then they slowly progress.
The most common symptoms are: Fever, Coughing, Fatigue, Shortness of breath
It’s very infections and everybody should be careful. However there’re people who are at higher risk.
These include people who are: 1. 70+ years old2. Having long-term medical condition – diabetes lung disease heart disease3. Having a weakened immune system4. Pregnant
You can drastically decrease your chances when you take steps to prevent it.
These steps are: 1. Regular and proper washing hands2. Avoiding close contact with people3. Strengthening your immune system
Stop putting other people at risk and stay home. Eat a lot of vitamins wash your hands regularly and stay fit & healthy.
Cardiovascular exercise training extends influenza vaccine seroprotection in sedentary older adults: the immune function intervention trial.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20121985
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 48https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200308-sitrep-48-covid19.pdf?sfvrsn=16f7ccef_4
COVID-19 CORONAVIRUS OUTBREAKhttps://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/
Vital Surveillances: The Epidemiological Characteristics of an Outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Diseases (COVID-19) — China 2020http://weekly.chinacdc.cn/en/article/id/e53946e2-c6c4-41e9-9a9b-fea8db1a8f51
When and How to Wash Your Handshttps://www.cdc.gov/handwashing/when-how-handwashing.html
Frequently Asked Questions about Personal Protective Equipmenthttps://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/respirator-use-faq.htmlOranges raw all commercial varietieshttps://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/fruits-and-fruit-juices/1966/2
Antibacterial effect of Allium sativum cloves and Zingiber officinale rhizomes against multiple-drug resistant clinical pathogenshttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3609356/
Fresh ginger (Zingiber officinale) has anti-viral activity against the human respiratory syncytial virus in human respiratory tract cell lines.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23123794
Broccoli cooked boiled drained without salthttps://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2357/2
Nuts almonds [Includes USDA commodity food A256 A264]https://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/nut-and-seed-products/3085/210
Proven Benefits of Green Teahttps://www.healthline.com/nutrition/top-10-evidence-based-health-benefits-of-green-tea
Anti-infective properties of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) a component of green tea.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23072320
The relationship between green tea and total caffeine intake and risk for self-reported type 2 diabetes among Japanese adults.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16618952
Cytokines and the immune response.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8813336
Sleep Duration and All-Cause Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studieshttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2864873/
Melatonin immune function and aginghttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1325257/
The effect of systemic corticosteroids on the innate and adaptive immune system in children with steroid-responsive nephrotic syndrome.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26833050
[The treatment of respiratory ailments with essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants].https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19039907
Antimicrobial efficacy of five essential oils against oral pathogens: An in vitro study.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24966732
A review of the bioactivity and potential health benefits of peppermint tea (Mentha piperita L.).https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16767798
Preventing the common cold with a garlic supplement: a double-blind placebo-controlled survey.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11697022
Supplementation with aged garlic extract improves both NK and γδ-T cell function and reduces the severity of cold and flu symptoms: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled nutrition intervention.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22280901
Health effects of quercetin: from antioxidant to nutraceutical.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18417116
Inflammatory responses and inflammation-associated diseases in organshttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5805548/