Intensive care units are specially designed to monitor and treat critical patients. Sometimes the patient has to spent long duration of time in the ICU and if certain things aren’t taken care of, it can lead to certain complications as well. Some of the common complications are listed below:
Pneumonia is commonly seen in ICU patients as a result of prolonged bed rest. Staying in gravity eliminated position for long time leads to accumulation of lung secretion. If patient is unable to get rid of these secretions on his own, it can cause pneumonia and infection in severe cases. Regular Chest physiotherapy and suctioning of secretion can help in reducing pneumonia.
It is usually seen in unconscious patients who cannot change position. Bed sores are formed when a body part is pressurized for long time and receives scarce oxygen. It leads to breakdown of skin and forms ulcer. Patient position needs to be changed every two hourly to avoid such sores.
Hence, you should always go for a hospital where there is sufficient and expert staff to take care of the occupants of the ICU.
Deep vein thrombosis
Prolonged immobility in ICU can lead to pooling of blood in legs. This can lead to formation of clot in veins. This clot can dislodge and obstruct a major blood vessel causing sudden death. Regular physiotherapy and use of DVT pump can help reducing such risk.