When the first monsoon showers arrive, they bring along various illnesses, ranging from mild cold and coughs to severe microbial infections. Let’s have a look at some common monsoon diseases, and what can be done to prevent these. 

Microbial Infections

Infections caused by bacteria, viruses, and parasites increase during monsoons as the damp and humid weather is perfect for microbial growth. 

Most microbial infections spread through food and water contaminated with the faeces of an infected person. 

How to Prevent Microbial Infections During Monsoon?

  • Wash your hands regularly.

  • Avoid eating food from outside.

  • Purify water before drinking.

  • Practice respiratory hygiene.

  • Get yourself vaccinated against the disease, if available. 

Mosquito-Borne Diseases

Monsoons are the breeding season for mosquitoes. They feed on blood, swallow viruses or parasites and transfer them to the next person they bite, through their saliva, causing mosquito-borne diseases. 

How to Prevent Mosquito-Borne Diseases During Monsoon?

  • Cover areas and containers filled with water.

  • Spray insecticidal agents in areas with stagnating water. 

  • Use mosquito-repellent screens, nets, and meshes.

  • Apply mosquito repellent on your body.

  • Wear full-coverage clothing to prevent mosquito bites. 

Enjoy the monsoons! Maintain hygienic practices, follow a healthy diet, and take precautionary measures. However, if you or a family member develop any worrying symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.


1. Medanta.org. 2021. Monsoon Illnesses in India – All You Need To Know. [online] Available at: <https://www.medanta.org/patient-education-blog/monsoon-illnesses-in-india-all-you-need-to-know/#:~:text=Malaria%2C%20caused%20by%20a%20single,to%20this%20malaria%2Dcausing%20parasite.> [Accessed 31 May 2021].

2. Africa Health Organisation. 2021. Five illnesses that affect children during the rain season | Africa Health Organisation. [online] Available at: <https://aho.org/articles/five-illnesses-that-affect-children-during-the-rain-season/> [Accessed 31 May 2021].

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