Articles on breastfeeding and hiv

Ayurvedic Supplements Improve Health of Hiv Infected Person

Dr. N.K.Chawla, Ayurveda
AYURVEDIC VIEW OF HIVThe immune system of human body in Vedic textsis comparable with “OJA”.This OJA is responsible forpreventing contagious and communicable disease.OJA is considered as the essence at the best part of all the seven Dhatus ( body elements i.e Lymph, Blood, Muscle, Fat, Bone, Bone Marrow, Semen ).Once the OJAKSHAYA (reductionin OJA) happens in the body, the disease fighting ability of thebody gets reduced which can be compared with HIV / AIDS.HIV /AIDSHIV is a lentiretro virus that causes AIDS.AIDS is a condition in which Immune system of the body is attacked by the HIV viruses which damages specific immune system cells ultimately leading to collection of symptoms and many opportunistic infections (Gastrointestinal tract infections, fever, respiratory, skin infections ) in humans which lastly ends with death.HIV is found in the bodily fluids of infected person i.e. Semen, Vaginal Fluids, Blood and Breast Milk. When these fluids come in contact with healthy individual through sexual contact, blood to blood contact (multiple blood transfusions, organ and tissue transplant, use of unsterile needle and syringe), during pregnancy and through breast feeding, the healthy individual also gets infected with HIV/AIDS.HIVIt’s a virus which attacks the T-Cells in the immune system and its symptoms are as follows:-· Swollen lymphatic glands in throat, armpit or groin.· Mild fever· Headache· Fatique· Muscle achesThese symptoms may last for only few weeks and later there are usually no HIV infected symptoms for many years. For this reason it’s hard to identify without laboratory investigations that whether you are suffering with HIV or not.AIDSAIDS is a syndrome which appears in the advanced stage of HIV infection.This HIV infects the vital cells in the human system such as Helper T-Cells (Specifically CD4+ T cells ), macrophages and dendrite cells.{CD4+T Cells are the white Blood Cells that are essential part of the Immune System. CD4 cells send signals to CD8 cells and CD8 cells destroys and kills the Infection or Virus.}When CD4 cell number declines below a critical level, cell mediated immunity is lost and the body becomes progressively more susceptible to opportunistic Infections.Symptoms:In Many cases once the symptoms developed on early entry of virus gets disappeared, there will be no further symptoms for many years.During this time the virus carries on developing and damages the immune system, this process can take upto 10 years.Now if the patient still left undiagnosed and untreated, the person becomes vulnerable to serious illness which shows following signs and symptoms:- Ayurvedic Line of Treatment:When modern science is still trying to find out the answer for treating this dreaded disease, Ayurveda can show a ray of hope to the patients of HIV/AIDS and Ayurveda can help the patient to live a Quality life.Ayurvedic Rasayana treatment (Herbal Immune Boosting treatments) corrects the Agni (the digestive fire) and there by produce best Dhatus as the Dhatawagnis ( fire required to prepare best body elements) also are at their best ability, due to Rasayan therapy as high quality Dhatus are  produced , the strength of these Dhatus are also at their best. Hence Ardhangula OJA (Best immunity) can be produced at their optimum level which corrects OJAKSHAYA.Our Rasayana medicines enhance this OJA as if this OJA is enhanced such diseased conditions become easily treatable and the disease where relapse are common they can be prevented atleast the frequency of the relapses can be kept minimum.Our treatment modalities employed do not directly cause damage to the organism but they produce disease specific immunoglobulin’s and through immune system they affect the pathogens, which ultimately help the patient in improving their body weight, alleviating the agonising symptoms of the AIDS and improve the quality of Life.Our Treatment is completely HERBAL & SAFE.The medicines are selected as per the patients need and requirement according to its Prakarti and symptoms.

3 Lesser Known Facts About Breastfeeding

Dr. Jyotsna Gupta, Gynecologist/Obstetrician
Breastfeeding is advocated to be the only best thing for a newborn. But while it is the most natural thing to do, it isn't an easy process. It is challenging and full of surprises. Researches throw up facts that surprise all. For example: breastfeeding is like a shield against breast cancer. Here are 3 such lesser known facts:The milk contents - ever wondered what your baby thinks of the taste of your breast milk. Well, the fact is that your breast milk is tailor-made for your baby. From the taste to its benefits, it is a full course meal. When the feeding begins, the milk is watery. This is to quench the baby's thirst. Then the consistency thickens and the milk becomes higher in fat content. This meets your baby's electrolyte needs as well as energy requirement. Want to know something more amazing? Through the day, your breasts milk's properties keep changing. By evening, it has higher sedating properties and helps the baby's body meet nutritional demands. This should explain that satisfied smile babies have when they sleep right after their feeds.Variation in milk production - it is okay and natural if you feel you are lopsided. Many breastfeeding mothers feel that one breast is heavier than the other since it produces more milk. This is possible and happens a lot. Our body is not perfectly symmetrical between left and right. This applies to breasts as well and shouldn't be worried about. Because of this, milk production can also vary between both the breasts.It causes weight loss - some women are known to lose their pregnancy weight by breastfeeding. Yes, this is also a lesser known fact. Breast milk happens to be a high calorie food which the baby literally sucks off the mother's body. This leads to shrinking of the mother's body.

A Beginner's Guide to Effective Breastfeeding Techniques

Dr. Noela Andrew David, Homeopath
Its such a joy to enter and experience Motherhood.  I am sure every woman enjoys this transition from a girl to becoming a Mother.  Though the thought of a baby is euphoric, it is not easy task.  The Mother has a lot to be careful about and learn about to enjoy being with the newborn,  and attending to his needs.  The most immediate concern post delivery is feeding the baby.  The neonate has to be feed every 2 hrs and so will his nappy changes be too.  Breast feeding is a tough task for a mother as she is so week herself to spend so much time and attention to breastfeeding.  However, it is the best way to bond with your child and if breastfeeding is done in right manner the Mother will be able to do it with ease.Following as practical advises to cherish effective breastfeeding:Never feed the baby in lying position.  Especially post cesarean section, the mother finds it difficult to sit and feed due to the fear of stiches getting torn.  In such cases the mother can elevate the bed to a position at 45degrees and then hold the baby resting on your hand and feed.  Latter on always sit on chair with erect posture and feed.Never feed the baby bending forward, but always sit erect and lift the baby upwards towards your chest.  This is done to prevent backache to mothers as this can make it difficult to sit for long hrs and feed.New born's are easily prone to stomach infection.  Therefore, it is advised to always wipe your hands, nipples, and area surrounding the nipples with clean water every time to take the child to feed.  This is done to prevent the child from any infection.Once you have lactated the child always make it habit to immediately hold the child straight on your chest and pat the back to ensure the child has burped or else the child may vomit the milk it has taken.whenever you feed the child use one finger to push the breast away from the nose of child while its taking its feed to prevent breathing difficulty.

Diet for Breastfeeding Mother

Ms. Swati Kapoor, Dietitian/Nutritionist
Make sure you get enough nutrients – not just more calories – when you're breastfeeding your baby.Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young. After you give birth, good nutrition is even more important than during your pregnancy. It can make a difference in the quality of your breast milk and affect how quickly your body rebounds from childbirth.Mothers who are breastfeeding i.e. lactating mothers don't need to eat special foods. It is essential that lactating mother’s diet is a well constituted balanced nutritious diet. In this period apart from calories and proteins, there is increased need of calcium and iron. Therefore, keep the following points in mind:Include all food groups in daily diet. These groups are cereals, pulses, ghee-oil, sugar, jaggery, vegetables, fruits, milk and its products, condiments.Consume more foods containing iron like green leafy vegetables, black sesame seeds (til), raisins, jaggery, poha, pomegranate etc.Consume more foods containing calcium like milk & its products, white sesame seeds (til), ragi, guava, bajra etc. Daily consumption of one liter of milk in any form e.g., as curd, yogurt, paneer, etc provides all calcium and good quality protein needed.Do not restrict diet. Include 3-4 sufficient meals. Discard beliefs of ‘hot’ foods; ‘cold’ foods.If you're nursing, talk with your doctor or nutritionist about your diet. Typically, you should be getting 200 to 500 more calories than you would if you weren't nursing. Below are the following major and minor nutrients which play an important role in lactating mother’s diet.EnergyIt takes extra energy to produce breast milk. Mothers need an additional 400 calories on an average per day beyond their normal health requirement.ProteinThe Recommended Dietary Allowance for protein during lactation includes an additional 15 grams per day (RDA of 65 grams per day) in the first six months after childbirth and an additional 12 grams per day (RDA of 62 grams per day) thereafter.FluidsAdequate fluids to stay hydrated include 2 to 3 liters per day, or at least eight 8-ounce servings, and can include water, milk or soy milk, decaffeinated beverages etc. Limit caffeine to the equivalent of one cup of coffee a day to avoid causing the baby agitation or difficulty in sleeping.Vitamins and MineralsFood supplies the vitamins and minerals lactating mothers especially need, such as calcium, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D and zinc. Vitamin and mineral supplements do not replace a healthful diet, but some breastfeeding women might need a multivitamin and mineral supplement in addition to eating a well-balanced diet.Special consideration in lactating mother’s dietEating well while breastfeeding entails getting the right balance of good (and good for you) food. Try to get the following each day:1. Protein: Three servings2. Calcium: Five servings (that's an increase from your pregnancy requirement of four)3. Iron-rich foods: One or more servings4. Vitamin C: Two servings5. Green leafy and yellow vegetables, yellow fruits: Three to Four servings6. Other fruits and veggies: One or more servings7. Whole-grain and other concentrated complex carbohydrates: Three or more servings8. High-fat foods: small amounts - you don't need as much as you did during pregnancy9. Eight cups of water, juice, or other non caffeinated, non-alcoholic beverages10. DHA-rich foods to promote baby's brain growth (look for it in wild salmon and sardines, as well as DHA-enriched eggs).Lactation is a very important and beautiful phase in both the mother’s and the child’s life. This is a phase when the bonding between mother and the child is build and strengthens. Mother’s milk is vital for the child’s growth and the importance of the right nutrition at this point is unquestionable.

10 Healthy Reasons to Promote Breastfeeding

Dr. Yogesh Kumar, Ayurveda
We all know that mother's milk is the beat nutrition for a baby and it also gives mental and emotional satisfaction.In the first year of life the baby grows fast.Doctors advice to breastfeed the baby at least up-to six months.After six month period the baby's weight increases by double, as compared to birth weight.To provide this fast growth baby needs essential calories ,proteins and other nutrients which is supplied by mother's milk and that is why we need to promote breastfeeding in babies.In today's world breastfeeding the babies have gone out of the fashion.The "modern moms" are finding it uncool to breastfeed their child.The soul purpose of this article is to promote more  mothers to breastfeed their children and clear the doubts in their mind related to breast feeding.The following are some benefits of breastfeeding.Benefits of BreastfeedingIt created a sense of  mental and emotional bond between mother and her baby. The baby feels more secure close to the mother.It is natural and  ready to consume, no need to prepare like artificial milk nutrition products.This best Natural Nutrition is free and no money can buy this precious gift.It protects the Baby from various communicable diseases as it has natural defense mechanism(antibodies).The mother's milk is sterilized hence it do not cause any digestive problem in the babies.Babies know the difference between the mother's nipple and artificial nipples.The babies who grows on mother's breast feed milk  have less tendencies to develop thumb sucking habits.The temperature of the breast milk is perfect for the baby.It is believed that babies fed on breast milk have better bones and muscle development as compared to non breast fed babies.Breastfeeding has been linked to developing protection against Childhood Cancers.Note: Mothers should always clean the nipples before and after the breast feed.

HIV AIDS: Facts & Symptoms

Dr. Rahman, Sexologist
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is caused by a virus known as HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). The FactsHIV infection has become a worldwide epidemic. According to  the UN -18.2 million people were accessing treatment (June 2016)36.7 million people globally were living with HIV (end 2015)2.1 million people became newly infected with HIV (end 2015)Certain parts of the population are more at risk than others, such as- People who inject illicit drugs, Bisexual and gay menSex WorkersWomen(Since not all women are in a position to always insist using protection)Young people.How does one get infected?The virus is transmitted by the blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk of infected people. It  is also found in the saliva, sweat, and tears, though not in high enough amounts to transmit the virus to another person. There have been no known cases of anyone catching HIV through kissing, sneezing, shaking hands, from toilet seats, or mosquito bites.HIV is more commonly transmitted through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Though it is said that the risk of infection is lower with oral sex, it is still strongly advised  to use protection during oral sex, such as a dental dam (a piece of latex to cover the vagina during oral sex) or a condom. HIV can also be passed on through perinatal infection, where mothers who have HIV are at risk of giving the disease to the baby during birth. The risk of perinatal infection can be controlled with advances in treatments. Breast-feeding by an infected mother can also transmit HIV.Symptoms and ComplicationsSymptoms of HIV infection appear 2 to 12 weeks after exposure. These symptoms usually include-Swollen lymph nodes: Lymph nodes can be the first ones to be affected in response to the inflammatory reaction of the immune system.Prolonged fatigue: HIV infection has been known to make your body lethargic. You may feel tired sooner than you usually do.Recurring fever: Fever is body’s first response to any infection. An infected person will experience flu-like symptoms sometime during the initial four weeks. Skin rashes: An infected person will notice red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids.Night sweats: Many people suffering from the infection get night sweats which are not related to any temperature changeMuscle and joint painsRapid and unexplained weight lossPneumoniaDiarrheaExtreme HeadachesWhen the symptoms begin to appear, the person with HIV is highly contagious.The symptoms can go away in just  a week or can be experienced for almost a month. The infected person may in fact feel fine again. However, the symptoms can also return from time to time. The symptoms of HIV are similar to symptoms of other diseases. The only way to know for sure whether you are HIV-positive is to be tested. After infection with HIV, it can take 3 months for antibodies to the virus to be detectable in the blood. On an average, it takes over 22 days for our body to develop these antibodies. The process  is known as seroconversion. After seroconversion occurs, the virus is easily detectable by a blood test.After the initial symptoms go away, the body's immune system tries to control the virus. Our immune system can keep the virus in check for a long time, but it can never completely get rid of it. Many infected people feel fine for years before their immune system weakens and they finally develop AIDS. Despite widespread availability of HIV testing, only an estimated 51 percent of people with HIV know their statusWithout timely diagnosis or a proper treatment, about half of HIV-positive people develop AIDS within 10 years of getting infected. Some people can also develop AIDS within just a few years of infection. A select few cases (called long-term non-progressors), do not develop AIDS until much later. Many factors can affect the time frame to develop AIDS, including medications and the person's general health and lifestyle.Anyone can become infected with HIV. Fortunately, it can be prevented.The main ways to prevent HIV infection are:Unless you are in a mutually monogamous relationship (neither of you is having sex with anyone else), and you are sure neither of you is HIV-positive, make sure to use a condom every time you have sex. In some cases, couples where one partner is infected may decide to risk infection of the other partner, especially if they are trying to get pregnant. If this is the case, talk to your doctor. Your choice of sexual partner is also important, since condoms do sometimes break or leak. You may know that you practice safe sex and that you haven't used dirty needles, but you must also know that your sexual partners and all their other partners do the same. Sharing needles is very dangerous – it carries a high risk of getting HIV.People with other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as herpes are much more likely to contract HIV during sex, probably because of tiny breaks in their skin or vaginal lining. Keeping free of other STIs will help reduce your risk of HIV infection, but this alone will not protect you from infection. Which is why it is important to use condoms.Having HIV doesn’t mean you stop living a full & healthy life. With the right treatment & care, you can expect to live just as long as someone who doesn’t have HIV. There’s a lot you can do to take care of yourself and feel fitter, healthier & happier. 

How Hiv Spreads

Dr. Ajay Kumar, HIV Specialist
How can you get HIV?HIV lives in the following bodily fluids of an infected person:bloodsemen and pre-seminal fluid (“pre-cum”)rectal fluids/anal mucousvaginal fluidsbreast milk.To get infected, these bodily fluids need to get into your blood through a mucous membrane (for example the lining of the vagina, rectum, the opening of the penis, or the mouth), breaks in the skin (like cuts), or be injected directly into your bloodstream.1A person living with HIV can pass the virus to others whether they have symptoms or not. People with HIV are most infectious in the first few weeks after infection.2Here we describe the main ways you can get HIV.Sex without a condomHaving unprotected sex (sex without a condom) with someone who has HIV, particularly unprotected vaginal sex and anal sex.Sharing injecting equipmentSharing needles, syringes or other equipment used to prepare and inject drugs with someone who has HIV.Passed from mother-to-baby during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeedingA mother infected with HIV can pass the virus to her baby via her blood during pregnancy and birth, and through her breast milk when breastfeeding.Contaminated blood transfusions and organ/tissue transplantsReceiving blood transfusions, blood products, or organ/tissue transplants that are contaminated with HIV. This risk is extremely small because most countries test blood products for HIV first.If adequate safety practices are not in place, healthcare workers can also be at risk of HIV from cuts made by a needle or sharp object (needlestick injury) with infected blood on it. However, the risk of ‘occupational exposure’, is very low in most countries. If you think you have put yourself at risk of HIV, the only way to find out if you have HIV is to have an HIV test.How can’t you get HIV?Some people wrongly believe that HIV can be spread by the air (even though HIV can’t survive outside the body) and other ways such as by touching toilet seats or from mosquito bites.See our page on HIV myths for more information.How do I protect myself from HIV?There are a number of ways you can protect yourself from HIV, including:using a condom every time you have vaginal, anal or oral sexavoiding sharing needles, syringes and other injecting equipment with anyone if you take drugstaking HIV treatment if you are a new or expectant mother living with HIV, as this can dramatically reduce the risk of passing HIV to your baby during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeedingasking your healthcare professional if the blood product you are receiving (blood transfusion, organ or tissue transplant) has been tested for HIVtaking precautions if you are a healthcare worker, such as wearing protection (like gloves and goggles), washing hands after contact with blood and other bodily fluids, and safely disposing of sharp equipment.- See more at: http://www.avert.org/hiv-transmission-prevention/how-you-get-hiv#sthash.iGFiGWHH.dpuf

Time Taken for Hiv Infected Person to Become Symptomatic

Dr. Ajay Kumar, HIV Specialist
After getting HIV it might take 5 to 6 yrs fora patient to develop HIV symptoms.The symptoms of HIV can differ from person-to-person and some people may not get any symptoms at all. Without treatment, the virus will get worse over time and damage your immune system. We look at the three stages of HIV infection and possible effects.Acute primary infectionAround one to four weeks after becoming infected with HIV, some people will experience symptoms that can feel a lot like flu. This may not last long (a week or two) and you may only get some of the flu symptoms – or none at all. Experiencing these symptoms alone are not a reliable way of diagnosing HIV.You should always visit your doctor if you are worried you have been at risk of HIV infection, even if you don’t feel unwell or have any of the following symptoms. They can then arrange for you to have an HIV test.Symptoms can include:fever (raised temperature)body rashsore throatswollen glandsheadacheupset stomachbody rashjoint aches and painsmuscle painThese symptoms can happen because your body is reacting to the HIV virus. Cells that are infected with HIV are circulating throughout your blood system, so your immune system then tries to attack the virus by producing HIV antibodies. This process is called seroconversion, and it usually happens within 45 days of infection and can take up to a few months to complete.It’s important that you always use a condom when having sex, especially if you think you have been exposed to HIV. It may be too early to get an accurate HIV test result at this stage (this can take anything from a few weeks to a few months), but the levels of virus in your blood system are very high at this stage- See more at: http://www.avert.org/about-hiv-aids/symptoms-stages#sthash.D6uU1ue3.dpuf