If a person spends a long time in the same position, pressure sores, or bed sores may develop.

Also known as pressure ulcers, these lesions are caused by permanent pressure on specific areas of the body. 

They can develop anywhere, but the elbow, knee, heels, tailbone, and bony parts of the ankles are often more susceptible.

Wound treatment is possible, although complete healing is not always possible. Without treatment, the lesions may eventually give rise to potentially fatal complications.

Frequent changing positions can help heal wounds and avoid new ones.

When the wounds are in the early stages, people may be able to treat them at home. A health care professional is required to attend to more severe ulcers.

Other specific measures depend on the state of the throat. But the following holistic strategies are helpful:

1. Relieving pressure:

This may include using foam pads or pillows to change the affected areas, thereby changing the position of the body. 

2. Clean the wound:

Wash very minor wounds gently with water and mild soap.

Clean open wounds with saline solution with each change of dressing.

3. Apply Dressing: 

These protect the wound and speed up healing. Alternatives that are antimicrobial or hydrocarbylene, or that contain alginic acid may be best.

4. Use topical creams:

Antibacterial creams can help deal with an infection, while barrier creams can protect damaged or weakened skin.

5. Address incontinence:

 This may include using a cleanser, barrier cream, an incontinence pad, and fecal management system. These products are available for online purchase.

6. Remove dead tissue:

This can help heal a wound. A healthcare provider may use high-pressure water jets or surgical instruments.

7. Bed Review: 

Some mattresses, such as those made of moving strands of static foam, help relieve pressure. In addition, some beds have a pump that ensures a continuous flow of air into the mattress. A doctor can help recommend the best type. Special mattresses are available for purchase online. 

8. Take any necessary antibiotics:

Doctors can prescribe these to treat skin, bone or blood infections.

9. Adjust diet:

While there is limited evidence that any specific diet can help treat pressure sores, protein supplementation can promote healing and reduce wound size. Taking enough essential nutrients and plenty of water can help maintain overall health.

10. Discuss surgical options:

These may include removing dead tissue, cleaning the wound, and closing the edges as much as possible. The surgeon may take tissue from healthy skin to perform the repair.

A person with bedsore can also benefit from

  • Vacuum-assisted wound closure
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Hyperbaric oxygen therapy

Pressure sores develop in four stages

Skin feels a warm touch. Color changes may occur, such as redness, and itching in the area.

A painful open throat or blister develops, around which there is discolored skin.

Appears to be a crater in the wound due to tissue damage beneath the surface of the skin.

The possible damage is accompanied by severe damage to the skin and tissue. Muscles, bones, and tendons may be visible.

It takes longer for an infected throat to heal. The infection can spread elsewhere in the body and cause significant damage.


Tips to reduce the risk of pressure sores include:

  • Frequent changing positions every 15 minutes to every 2 hours, depending on a person’s needs 
  • skin inspection every day
  • keeping the skin clean and try maintaining good nutrition
  • Quit smoking and avoid secondhand smoke
  • Exercise while in bed, to stimulate circulation

Anyone who may be under pressure should inform their carer or health care professional as soon as possible.

Anyone who stays in one position for a long time is at risk of developing Bedsores. They are often in the form of people who need to change positions to help.

A person who can develop a pressure wound:

  • Spend a lot of time sitting in a chair or lying in bed
  • Wear a prosthesis or surgical device
  • Wear elastic shoes or clothes

These lesions form when tissue and blood vessels become compressed, then deform. 

This can lead to poor circulation, resulting in tissue necrosis and infection.

Wounds can occur due to significant pressure in the short term or low pressure in the long term.