With today’s hectic schedule, people do not have the time to take care of their oral health. As a result, the most common oral health problem that occurs is related to the gums - Gingivitis (gum inflammation) and Periodontitis (gum disease).

Whenever a person gets infected with Periodontitis (gum disease), it always comes after Gingivitis (gum inflammation). Periodontitis starts with the growth of bacteria in the mouth. In case the disease is not treated, then it results in tooth loss and tissue destruction.

In this article, we will discuss the common signs of gum diseases that you should not ignore. We will also talk about the causes and treatment of the same.

4 Signs of Gum Diseases

1. Plaque

It is one of the most common causes of gum diseases. Plaque that stays on your teeth can harden under your gumline into tartar, which collects bacteria. Tartar makes plaque more difficult to remove and causes irritation along the gumline. You need professional dental cleaning to remove tartar.

2. Hormonal Changes

There are several hormonal changes that lead to gum diseases like pregnancy, puberty, menopause, monthly menstruation, and others. Hormonal changes can make the gums more sensitive, thereby leading to gum diseases.

3. Medications

Some drugs or medicines can reduce the amount of saliva in your mouth, causing an uncomfortably dry mouth. Without enough saliva, the tissues in the mouth can become irritated and inflamed. This increases your risk of infection, tooth decay, and gum diseases.

4. Poor Oral Hygiene

If you do not brush or floss regularly, plaque accumulates and travels down the length of your teeth. This can inflame your gums and cause gum diseases. 

Treatment of Gum Diseases

Surgical treatment

Surgical treatments of the gums include flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery, bone grafts, soft tissue graft, guided tissue regeneration, and bone surgery.

Non-surgical treatment

Non-surgical treatments include professional dental cleaning, scaling, and root planing. In the professional dental cleaning procedure, dentists usually remove the plaque and tartar from the surface of the tooth. 

Doctors do not suggest surgical procedures until the problem becomes unrecoverable. In order to treat gum diseases, doctors generally follow the procedure of scaling and root planing. 


Maintain your oral hygiene and take care of your oral health which involves brushing your teeth and flossing daily.