1. What are the early signs and symptoms of a cataract?
The common symptoms of cataracts include a blurry vision, seeing colours as faded, trouble seeing at night, halos around lights, and increased sensitivity to glare. The other symptoms are a need for frequent changes in the prescription reading glasses and double vision in the affected eye.
2. Who is at a high risk of cataracts?
The common risk factors of cataracts are increasing age, obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, excessive exposure to sunlight, previous eye injury or inflammation, drinking an excessive amount of alcohol, and prolonged use of corticosteroid medications.
3. What are the available treatment options for cataract?
Eye doctors will suggest magnifying lenses, stronger eyeglasses, or sunglasses with an anti-glare coating to those who are not keen for surgery. Surgery is recommended when cataracts affect your daily activities. Surgery for removing a cataract is very safe and has a high success rate and the recommended treatment option.
4. Is surgery the only option to treat cataract?
Although there are ways of managing the symptoms of cataract, surgery is considered to be the best means to treat cataracts. In the surgical procedure for removing a cataract, doctors will extract the cloudy lens and replace it with a clear artificial lens that restores optimal vision.
5. Can a cataract recur after treatment?
No, a cataract does not recur after surgery. A cataract is a clouding or opacification of the natural lens due to ageing. Cataract surgery involves removing the natural lens and replacing it with an artificial one. So, cataract cannot recur after surgery.
The clear lens of the eye becomes cloudy and causes blurred vision known as a cataract. Cataracts develop usually at the later stage of life. The cloudy lens can be replaced with a clear artificial lens and it is a minor outpatient procedure.
A cataract is caused due to building up of protein in the lens of an eye and hence make it cloudy and blurred. The different causes of cataracts are:
The eye doctor will conduct a test to examine the function of the eye. The doctor will also dilate the pupil to check the lens and other parts of the eye. The patient is asked to get glasses or contact lenses for the appointment.
There is no proven way to prevent cataract as there are no specific causes.