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An ophthalmologist is a specialist in treatment of vision disorders and eye care. An ophthalmologist can perform diagnoses and treatment for all eye related disorders such as glaucoma, issues related with vision, loss of vision, eye pain, any physical changes in the eye, fixing of contact lenses, and eyeglasses. Many trained ophthalmologists also perform scientific research and try to find out solutions to several eye and vision disorders.
Eyes are one of the most sensitive and important organs of the body. The issues related with eyes can adversely affect the normal life of an individual. An adult should immediately see an ophthalmologist if any symptom of decreased vision or loss in vision is evident, in case of watery or blurry eyes, double vision, or any physical changes in eyes such as pain, infection, redness, and swelling or discharge occurs.
The sub disciplines of ophthalmology are glaucoma, cornea and external diseases, neuro-ophthalmology, ophthalmic disorders, eye surgery, ophthalmic pathology, ophthalmic plastic surgery, paediatric ophthalmology, and vitreoretinal diseases.
The consultation fee of an ophthalmologist in Chennai can vary from Rs. 300/-to Rs.1200/- depending on the expertise and the type of consultation needed. The charges of surgery and medication depend on the kind of treatment required.
Presented below are top 5 treatments.
Glaucoma: Glaucoma caused due to excess pressure in the eyes (ocular hypertension) is a common disorder in the elderly and can cause permanent damage to the optic nerve which transmits information to the brain.
Cataract: It is a disease in which the eye lens becomes cloudy due to deposition of proteins. This causes an obstruction in the vision, double vision, and blurry vision.
Retinal diseases: These disorders include the problems in retina, the most critical part of the eye responsible for vision. Retinal diseases include retinal tear, detachment of retina, diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, and macular hole.
Paediatric Eye Conditions: These eye conditions emerge in the childhood and include common paediatric issues such as astigmatism, childhood tearing, amblyopia or lazy eyes, developmental abnormalities, and cortical visual impairment. These are treated by the eye specialists.
Corneal diseases: Cornea is important in focusing of light during vision. Corneal disorders are characterized by cloudiness, scarring and may cause blindness. Certain corneal diseases are keratoconus and Fuchs` endothelial dystrophy.