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1. What are the causes of colon cancer?
Colon cancers are usually due to a mutation in the DNA, leading to uncontrolled growth. The risk factors for colon cancer include a strong family history, advancing age, a diet high in fats and low in fibre, diabetes, smoking, alcohol and obesity.
2. What are the treatment measures for colon cancer?
The treatment measures for colon cancer include chemotherapy and radiation therapy along with surgery. Surgical options are removal of polyps or polypectomy, endoscopic mucosal resection and partial removal of the colon.
3. Does the available treatment options have any side effects?
As with all cancer treatments, side effects, such as hair loss, loss of appetite, weight loss, anaemia, nausea and vomiting, will be seen. Post-surgery complications, such as blood loss, infections and sepsis, can also be observed.
4. Are there any surgeries for the treatment of colon cancer?
Surgical measures in the treatment of colon cancers include removal of polyps (polypectomy), endoscopic mucosal resection and partial removal of the colon.
5. How long is the duration of treatment of colon cancer?
The duration of the treatment of colon cancers depend on the intensity of the symptoms and the stage of the disease. Treatment can generally last from a few months to years.