1. Who is a gastroenterologist?
A gastroenterologist is a doctor who specializes in analysis as well as treatment of disorders of gastrointestinal tract and liver. Gastroenterology is basically a branch of medicine which deals with diseases which affect the gastrointestinal tract, which encompasses organs from your mouth till the anus.
2. Disorders of which body parts are treated by a Gastroenterologist?
Disorders of your stomach, liver, entire digestive tract, oesophagus, small intestine, rectum, colon, pancreas, gall bladder and bile ducts are treated by a gastroenterologist
3. Can a Gastroenterologist perform colonoscopy?
Yes, a gastroenterologist can perform colonoscopy. As a gastroenterologist receives special training in treating gastrointestinal diseases, he or she can easily perform colonoscopy.
4. Is endoscopy safe?
Yes, endoscopy is a totally safe procedure. In only very rare cases, complications crop up and these include bleeding. The risk of bleeding complications after an endoscopy is increased if the process involves the removal of a piece of tissue for the purpose of testing (this is known as biopsy) or treatment of any kind of digestive system disease.
5. When should one consult a Gastroenterologist immediately?
You should consult a gastroenterologist immediately if you experience diarrhoea or are suffering from constant heartburn, you suspect gall stones, your diet is leading to bloating in the body, ulcer in stomach, constipation or you have to get a colonoscopy done. Cancer screening is also done by gastroenterologists.
Gastroenterology is a branch of medical science that requires the study of regular functioning and any kind of disease related to the stomach, liver, small intestine, or any other body organ between the mouth and anus. As a specialist, a gastroenterologist studies functions of the intestinal organs including the movement and digestion of food, and absorption of the nutrients in our body.
The digestive system of our body is highly complicated one. Primarily what may appear a simple digestive problem and stomach pain may lead to disturbing complications in the pancreas, liver or might be a symptom of cancer. A consultation will aid a diagnosis at the right stage and thus have more chances of being cured.
Since gastroenterologist deals with the entire digestive system, including the natural waste from the body, further specializations include hepatology and proctology. Hepatology deals with the study of the organs in and around the stomach and consists of liver, pancreas, gallbladder etc. Proctology deals with the treatment of colon, anus and rectum area.
On an average a Gastroenterologist in Delhi charges somewhere between INR 800/- and INR 1,200/-. However, the costs of diagnosis and treatment depend on stage of the condition.
The common treatments and procedures include:
Colonoscopy – Here, the large and small intestine are inspected by inserting a small and flexible camera through the anus.
ERCP – This procedure deals with taking visuals of the stomach including a part of the small intestine. However, the flexible camera is inserted through the mouth giving a clear vision of the oesophagus as well.
Laparoscopic surgery – In this complicated procedure, a small incision is made in the abdomen to insert a camera for viewing. Other surgical instruments may be inserted if required to remove tumours, if present.
Liver biopsy – It is a very common procedure for diagnosing liver-related issues. To obtain liver tissue for lab test, a needle is inserted through the abdomen. It is an outdoor procedure.
Endoscopic capsules – It is an alternative and painless option to the traditional endoscopy, but it requires the patient to be under observation for 8 hours. He will need to swallow the camera in the form of a capsule and wait for it perform its function inside the digestive system.