1. What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
Symptoms of breast cancer include:
•A lump or abnormal thickening in the breast
•Shape, size or appearance of skin (redness, pitting, orange-like) related changes
•Inversion of the nipple
•Unusual discharge from the nipple
•Pigmented skin around areola or nipple shows crusting, scaling, peeling, or flaking
2. What causes breast cancer?
Abnormal (rapid and uncontrolled) growth of specific breast cells causes breast cancer. The exact cause of breast cancer is not known, but the following factors might lead to breast cancer:
•Hormonal (postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy)
•Lifestyle (stress, lack of pregnancy, alcohol, obesity)
•Environmental (exposure to toxins)
•Genetic (if your grandmother, mother or sister had it)
3. How can I check if I am at a high risk of breast cancer?
You may be at a higher risk for breast cancer if there are one or more of the following conditions:
•A personal or family history of breast cancer
•Inherited genes: BRCA1 and BRCA2
•Exposure to radiation
•Menstrual cycle beginning at an early age or stopping at a late age
•No history of pregnancy.
•Postmenopausal hormone therapy.
4. How is breast cancer diagnosed?
Your physician will diagnose breast cancer by conducting a physical examination of the breast along with a thorough medical history followed by tests such as:
•Core needle biopsy: Microscopic examination
•Breast MRI: Checks breast interior
•Mammogram: X-ray to screen breast for abnormalities
•Breast ultrasound: Checks tissue health
5. What are the treatments for breast cancer?
Management of breast cancer is based on its type, size, & stage.
•Radiation therapy to kill cancer cells with high-powered beams of energy
•Surgery: Lumpectomy or Mastectomy (Removal of tumour lump and entire breast, respectively),
Sentinel node biopsy(lymph nodes removal)
•Chemotherapy for destroying cancerous cells using medications
•Hormonal, targeted, or immunotherapy