1. What is dandruff?
Dandruff is a long term condition of the scalp, in which small pieces of dry and dead skin appearing as white powder are visible on the hair and clothes. It is known to cause itching on the scalp. The dandruff often fall on the shoulder and forehead causing embarrassment.
2. Is dandruff permanent?
Though dandruff is a long term condition, it is not permanent. It can be treated by various methods like antifungal medicines, regularly washing the hair, and a few home remedies like applying lemon juice.
3. What is the primary cause of dandruff?
There are several causes of dandruff. A fungus called malassezia is found on the scalp of most adults which causes dandruff. Dry skin can also cause dandruff.
4. Who can treat dandruff?
Dandruff can be be controlled by the home remedies and various antidandruff shampoos available in the market. However, if they dont work and the scalp becomes red and itchy continuously, one must consult a doctor who is a skin specialist (dermatologist) or a trichologist.
5. When does dandruff require medical treatment?
When the anti-dandruff preparations which are available in the market fail to control dandruff, and dandruff continuously causes red and itchy scalp, then it requires medical treatment by a doctor who is specialized to treat skin diseases.
Dandruff is a common condition that causes itchy and flaky scalp. It is characterized by white or grey flakes of dead skin shedding from the scalp.
Dandruff can be caused by several factors and some of them are:
The characteristic symptoms of dandruff are:
The most effective method to treat dandruff is using anti-dandruff shampoos and scalp treatments. For mild dandruff, a gentle shampoo can be used to reduce oil and dead skin buildup. For moderate to severe conditions, a medicated dandruff shampoo should be used. Based on the severity of dandruff and other related conditions, the doctor may recommend a prescription-strength shampoo or steroid lotion for scalp treatments.
Dandruff shampoos are classified according to the medication they contain. They are:
Some simple home remedies that can be used to manage dandruff are: