1. How is chikungunya diagnosed?
Chikungunya is diagnosed based on your medical history. Your doctor will ask you if you have symptoms like sudden onset of fever and severe joint pain, fatigue, muscle pain, headache and rash. and whether you have recently been to an area where chikungunya is found. A blood test is required to rule out other infections such as dengue and malaria.
2. Can chikungunya be prevented?
Vector control plays a crucial role in preventing the spread of the Chikungunya virus. Humans travelling to endemic and epidemic areas are advised to use mosquito repellents, to wear full-sleeve shirts and long pants. Community education on eliminating mosquito breeding sites such as stagnant water, weeds and tall grass and spraying insecticides is essential.
3. Is chikungunya caused by mosquitoe bite?
Chikungunya is a viral illness transmitted by mosquitoes that causes the sudden onset of fever and severe joint pain.
4. Do you need to be hospitalized for chikungunya?
Hospitalization is not required in every case. Admission becomes necessary if you have severe hydration, decreased blood pressure and for the collection of blood specimens for diagnosis.
5. How long is the duration of treatment of chikungunya?
Symptoms of this disease usually last for 2 to 3 days although for 5 to 7 days virus remains in the blood. So, during this period if any mosquitoe feeds on an infected person it also becomes infected.