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1. What is acne?
A skin condition resulting from plugging of hair follicles with dead skin cells and oil, leading to inflammation which heals slowly is called acne.Acne are typically recurrent.
2. Which is the age group more commonly affected with acne?
Teenagers experience acne most commonly, though it may affect an individual of any age groups.It starts appearing by puberty (between 10 to13 years) and worsens if you have oily skin. Acne developing in teenage generally lasts for five to 10 years, and are more severe in boys (though seen in both sexes).
3. What causes acne?
The causative factors of acne include:
• Bacterial infection
• Overproduction and secretion of oil
• Clogging of hair with dead skin cells and oil
• Overactive hormones (androgens)
4. Which parts of the body are commonly affected by acne?
Acne typically appear on your face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders because these areas of skin have the most oil (sebaceous) glands. Hair follicles are connected to oil glands.
5. What are the changes in the skin which you might experience if you have acne?
The visible changes in the skin due to acne include:
• Small raised tender red areas (papules), the tip of which when filled with pus is called pimple (pustule)
• Whiteheads or blackheads (which are closed or open clogged pores, respectively)
• Solid and large lumps, painful underneath the skin (nodules)
•When pus-filled, they are called cystic lesions
Acne scars are formed after acne has resolved and leaves deep or shallow indentations. Usually, acne scars are caused because of picking and popping the acne or the blemishes but that’s the cause always. Even if an individual leaves the acne alone still acne scars appear. Pimples are inflamed acne and hence more WBC will be gathered at the particular spot because of more enzyme activity. So the WBC tries to repair the skin desperately and results in more damaging and leads to pimple scars.
Atrophic or Depressed Scars are the most common scar. This scar sits below the surrounding skin. The cause for this scar is due to lack of enough collagen when the skin was healing after acne. There are 3 types of Atrophic scars and they are:
Hypertrophic or Raised Scars: usually this scar occurs after chest and back acne. They are characterized as the raised skin above the surface and the reason is more collagen while healing.
Dark Spots: the discoloration of the skin after the acne has cleared and they are in brown or dark red color. These kinds of spots disappear after a few months on their own.
There are several home remedies and few of them are:
After trying out home remedies scars are present then one should consult a Dermatologist and the few procedures performed in clinics are: