1. What is acne?
Clogging of hair follicles with dead skin cells and oil causes acne, a skin condition. It is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition due to which pimples and spots are formed on the face, shoulders, neck, chest, back and upper arms.
2. Which is the age group more commonly affected with acne?
Acne is most common among teenagers, but it may affect people of any age. This condition occurs commonly during puberty, during which the sebaceous glands activate. A major population experiences acne between the ages of 12 and 24.
3. What causes acne?
A single factor is not responsible for causing acne. Acne occurs when the sebaceous (oil) glands that are attached to hair follicles get stimulated. This happens at the time of puberty. Hormonal changes may also cause acne. Some of the major causes are: hair follicles getting clogged by dead skin cells and oil; excessive oil production; excessive activity of any type of hormone; and bacteria.
4. Which parts of the body are commonly affected by acne?
Acne appears usually on the face, forehead, shoulders, upper back, chest and upper arms. Acne is a disease in which oil glands are involved at the base of hair follicles. Most often, acne is found to occur on the face on the following areas: cheeks; chin; forehead or nose; jawline; ears or earlobes; and hairline and scalp.
5. What are the changes in the skin which you might experience if you have acne?
Several changes occur on the skin due to acne. With the onset of puberty, the facial skin started changing. Various receptors causes human skin to respond to various signals such as hormonal. The sebaceous glands produce an oily substance, more during puberty when it leads to oily skin.
Acne scars are formed after acne has resolved and leaves deep or shallow indentations. Usually, acne scars are caused because of picking and popping the acne or the blemishes but that’s the cause always. Even if an individual leaves the acne alone still acne scars appear. Pimples are inflamed acne and hence more WBC will be gathered at the particular spot because of more enzyme activity. So the WBC tries to repair the skin desperately and results in more damaging and leads to pimple scars.
Atrophic or Depressed Scars are the most common scar. This scar sits below the surrounding skin. The cause for this scar is due to lack of enough collagen when the skin was healing after acne. There are 3 types of Atrophic scars and they are:
Hypertrophic or Raised Scars: usually this scar occurs after chest and back acne. They are characterized as the raised skin above the surface and the reason is more collagen while healing.
Dark Spots: the discoloration of the skin after the acne has cleared and they are in brown or dark red color. These kinds of spots disappear after a few months on their own.
There are several home remedies and few of them are:
After trying out home remedies scars are present then one should consult a Dermatologist and the few procedures performed in clinics are: