1. Who is a Psychiatrist?
A psychiatrist is a medical physician who specializes in the care and treatment of mental, emotional, and addictive disorders. A psychiatrist is involved in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of mental diseases like anxiety, depression, psychosis, substance abuse, sexual dysfunction, and developmental disabilities.
2. Is a Psychiatrist different from a Psychologist?
Psychiatrists and psychologists are medical professionals offering different services. Psychologists receive graduate training in psychology and pursue either Ph.D or PsyD or clinical psychology. Psychiatrists are physicians with specific training in the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness.
3. When should one consult a Psychiatrist?
A psychiatrist deals with the mental, emotional and behavioural aspects of human health. Whenever a person is affected by mental disorders like anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder, psychiatric help is needed. Drastic changes in behaviour without any visible cause require a consultation with a psychiatrist. Mental or emotional issues due to drug addiction requires psychiatric help.
4. What are the conditions treated by a Psychiatrist?
Any mental, emotional or behavioural issues that we face can be diagnosed and treated by a psychiatrist. Psychiatrists also deal with disorders caused by drug addiction. The following conditions are treated by psychiatrists: depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, Asperger’s syndrome, alcohol addiction, stress and burn-out, eating disorders & schizophrenia
5. Can a Psychiatrist treat anxiety disorders?
Anxiety disorders are characterized by being in a state of extreme, perennial anxiety. One out of three people will suffer from anxiety disorders at some point in life. Overwhelming anxiety that affects your day-to-day activities becomes a disorder. A psychiatrist is trained to treat anxiety disorders through psychological therapies and medication.
Recently, in India the veil covering mental health is being lifted. A doctor who deals with mental well-being and disorders of the mind is known as a psychiatrist. Psychiatrists can diagnose and treat a number of conditions such as eating disorders, phobias, addiction, depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, etc. Treatment for these conditions could take the form of medication, counselling, cognitive therapy, group therapy etc. Patients may be treated as outpatients or inpatients depending on the issue they are facing.
Some of the reasons you may want to consult a psychiatrist are if you have difficulty sleeping, have depressive or suicidal thoughts, are addicted to alcohol or drugs of any kind, have an eating disorder or body image issues, experience hallucinations or if you worry excessively. A psychiatrist can also help you deal with major changes in your life such as a divorce or the death of a loved one.
A psychiatrist may specialize in child psychiatry, perinatal psychiatry, adolescent psychiatry, geriatric psychiatry, addiction psychiatry or psychotherapy.
A psychiatrist’s consultation charges vary on the basis of their experience and speciality. Cost of treatments for certain conditions are given below:
Treatment for Bipolar Disorder: Rs. 1,000/-to Rs.1, 500/- per session.
Treatment for OCD: Rs. 800/- to Rs. 2,000/- per session.
Treatment for Schizophrenia: Rs. 700/- to Rs. 2,000/- per session.
Treatment for PTSD: Rs. 600/- to Rs. 2,500/- per session.
Treatment for Anxiety Disorder: Rs. 700/- to Rs. 3,000/- per session.
A condition where the person experiences extreme mood swings, it’s treated with medication, counselling or a combination of both.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
A person may be diagnosed with OCD if he finds himself performing repetitive actions or having repetitive thoughts that cannot be controlled. OCD can be treated with cognitive behavioural therapy and counselling.
Schizophrenia is a mental illness in which a person experiences delusions and hallucinations. This usually requires long-term treatment and in patient care.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
PTSD can be caused by exposure to an exceptionally traumatic event. Symptoms include nightmares, agitation and social isolation. It may be treated with a combination of medication, counselling and psychotherapy.
Anxiety disorder is characterized by excessive worrying. It may also induce panic attacks and may lead to phobias. Anxiety disorders can be treated with medication, counselling and psychotherapy.