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1. What is the cause of tetanus?
The bacteria Clostridium tetani causes tetanus. It is a soil-dwelling bacteria, which is also found in animal faeces. The bacteria releases a harmful toxin called tetanospasmin in the blood which causes the impairment of muscle-controlling nerves.
2. Can tetanus leads to death?
Tetanus is fatal and typically leads to death as there is no cure available. Neonatal tetanus is the most common cause of death in newborns in the rural areas due to unsafe deliveries at home in unsterile conditions.
3. Is it necessary to take tetanus vaccination?
Yes, tetanus vaccine is necessary to prevent tetanus infection as there is no alternative cure for its infection. One should get a tetanus vaccine as a child in three doses. If the vaccine is not given in the childhood, then it should be given to adults followed by booster doses.
4. Who can get tetanus?
Anyone who has never got a tetanus vaccine or a booster dose for more than ten years can get tetanus from an infected wound.
5. Does tetanus vaccine have any side effects?
Tetanus vaccination is associated with mild side effects such as fever, headaches, swelling or soreness at the site of injection and fatigue.