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The branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer is Oncology. Medical professionals who are well trained and specialized in oncology are called Oncologists. They evaluate, diagnose, and treat patients suffering from any type of cancer.
A 5-year medical degree [MBBS] that is recognized by the General Medical Council and a 2-year foundation course of general training are the basic requirements for an individual to be a doctor. However, following are few of the specialties or extra qualifications required to be an Oncologist:
The above qualifications are for the Orthopedic oncologist, Gynecologic oncologist, Medical oncologist, Radiation oncologist, Hematologic oncologist, Surgical oncologist, and Pediatric oncologist.
If a person is suffering from symptoms of cancer or individuals who have been diagnosed with cancer should consult an Oncologist. Few of the diseases and medical conditions for which an individual should consult an Oncologist are:
There are 3 types of Oncologists and they are Medical oncologists, Surgical Oncologists, and Radiation Oncologists, Surgical Oncologists can perform surgery to treat and cure cancer. Few of the surgeries performed during cancer treatment are:
Oncologists are professionals who diagnose and treat any type of cancer through medications, surgery, and radiation. Radiologists are doctors who diagnose and treat patient’s medical conditions using medical procedures like X-ray, MRI-scan, CT- scan, ultrasound, and medical imaging [radiology], etc. However, Radiation Oncologists can perform radiation treatment to treat cancer.
The uncontrollable growth of cells in the liver is called liver cancer. The medical conditions related to liver cancer can be treated by Oncologists through medications, surgery, and radiation and/or chemotherapy.
Cancer in the bone marrow or blood is called leukemia. Depending on the stage of leukemia Oncologists will suggest particular treatment to cure leukemia. Hematologists, Radiation Oncologists, can also treat leukemia.
A healthy individual may consult Oncologists once in 2 years to check the presence of any cancerous cells in his/her body. A cancer patient should consult an Oncologist once in 3-4 months or as instructed by the doctor.