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PCOS: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome- PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects the hormonal levels in women. The ovaries, female reproductive organs that produce estrogen, progesterone (hormones regulating menstrual cycle), and small amounts of male hormone [androgen] are affected during PCOS (Poly-Cystic Ovarian Syndrome). PCOS is a condition that affects the ovulation process and its main features are:
Polycystic (many cysts) Ovarian Syndrome means many small sacs filled with fluid grow inside the ovaries. The sacs are made up of follicles and each sac contains immature eggs and these eggs never mature to trigger ovulation. Due to the lack of ovulation, hormones like the estrogen, progesterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone levels are altered. Androgen levels become higher than usual and the levels of estrogen and progesterone become lower.
The exact cause of PCOS is unknown but it is believed that high levels of male hormones prevent the ovaries from producing female hormones that help to produce the ova (eggs). Few causes of PCOS are:Genetic causeInsulin resistanceInflammationObesity
The most common symptoms are:
Higher levels of androgen in the body can affect fertility and other aspects such as:
An individual should seek medical attention when she has:
Following are the ways to diagnose PCOS:
Around 70 to 80% of women with PCOS face fertility problems and even increases the risk of complications during pregnancy. Women with PCOS may have double the chance of delivering the baby prematurely and are also at a higher risk of miscarriage, high blood pressure, etc. However, women with PCOS can get pregnant using fertility treatments that improve ovulation.
The treatment options for PCOS are:
Following are few tips to try out at home to treat PCOS: