Who is a Hematologist?
Branch of medicine that deals with the study of cause, prognosis, diagnosis, treatment & prevention of diseases, disorders related to blood and blood-producing organs. So, medical professionals who are specialized and well trained in hematology are called Hematologists.
What are the qualifications of a Hematologist?
A 5-year medical degree [MBBS] that is recognized by the General Medical Council and a 2-year foundation course of general training are the basic requirements for an individual to be a doctor. However, following are the specialties or extra qualifications required to be a Hematologist:
- DNB - Hematology
- Diplomate in Hematology (American Board of Internal Medicine)
- MRCP (UK)
- MD - Blood Banking & Immuno. Haem./Imm. Haem. & Blood Trans.
- FRCPath - Haematology
- DM - Clinical Haematology
- MD - Immuno Haematology & Blood Transfusion
- Ph.D. - Haematology
- Diploma in Immuno-Haematology and Blood Transfusion
- DM - Haematology Pathology/Hematopathology
- FRCP - Haematology
- DNB - Immunohaematology and Blood Transfusion
What medical conditions can be treated by a Hematologist?
The following are some of the medical conditions or diseases that Hematologist treats:
- Severe or chronic anemia
- Myelodysplastic syndrome
- Bleeding disorders
- Platelet disorders
- Blood cancers
- Hodgkin lymphoma
- Arterial thromboembolism
- Myeloproliferative neoplasms [MPN]
- Bone marrow failure syndromes
- Deep-vein thrombosis
Can Hematologists treat aplastic anemia?
Yes, Hematologists treat aplastic anemia through many effective treatment options. Aplastic anemia is caused due to the low blood count. Initially, Hematologists provide the treatment for relieving symptoms such as blood transfusion, antibiotics, etc. Later depending on the severity of anemia doctor will proceed with advanced treatment options like immunosuppressive therapy or bone marrow transplant.
How are the bleeding disorders diagnosed by a Hematologist?
Firstly, a Hematologist will ask you some questions regarding your medical history. During appointment make sure to mention these following:
- any medical conditions that you’re suffering from
- any recent trauma or fall
- how long does bleeding last
- any medications that you are taking
After this doctor may perform some blood tests to rule out the diagnosis. These tests include:
- Bleeding time test
- Platelet aggregation test
- Complete blood count
Treatment options depend upon the type and severity of the bleeding disorder.
What are the common symptoms of hemophilia?
Hemophilia is a genetic disorder that affects the clotting of blood due to lack of blood clotting factors. Following are some of the common symptoms of hemophilia:
- Excessive bleeding from cuts or injuries
- Blood in the urine or stool
- Pain and swelling in the joints
- NosebleedsInternal bleeding
- Heavy or prolonged periods
Can Hematologists provide treatment for blood cancer?
Hematologists can diagnose and suggest an appropriate treatment for blood cancer. But Oncologists are the best choice for treating blood cancer. However, Hematologists can assist or closely work with the oncologists in treating blood cancer conditions like leukemia, lymphoma, etc.