1. Who is a gastroenterologist?
A gastroenterologist is a doctor who specializes in analysis as well as treatment of disorders of gastrointestinal tract and liver. Gastroenterology is basically a branch of medicine which deals with diseases which affect the gastrointestinal tract, which encompasses organs from your mouth till the anus.
2. Disorders of which body parts are treated by a Gastroenterologist?
Disorders of your stomach, liver, entire digestive tract, oesophagus, small intestine, rectum, colon, pancreas, gall bladder and bile ducts are treated by a gastroenterologist
3. Can a Gastroenterologist perform colonoscopy?
Yes, a gastroenterologist can perform colonoscopy. As a gastroenterologist receives special training in treating gastrointestinal diseases, he or she can easily perform colonoscopy.
4. Is endoscopy safe?
Yes, endoscopy is a totally safe procedure. In only very rare cases, complications crop up and these include bleeding. The risk of bleeding complications after an endoscopy is increased if the process involves the removal of a piece of tissue for the purpose of testing (this is known as biopsy) or treatment of any kind of digestive system disease.
5. When should one consult a Gastroenterologist immediately?
You should consult a gastroenterologist immediately if you experience diarrhoea or are suffering from constant heartburn, you suspect gall stones, your diet is leading to bloating in the body, ulcer in stomach, constipation or you have to get a colonoscopy done. Cancer screening is also done by gastroenterologists.
Gastroenterology is a sub-specialty of internal medicine that deals with the functioning and disorders of the digestive system. Thus, gastroenterologists deal with diseases of the esophagus, stomach, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, intestines, bile ducts, colon, and rectum. Some of the common conditions treated by a gastroenterologist include stomach ulcers, gallbladder disease, heartburn, irritable bowel syndrome, pancreatitis, and nutritional problems. Gastroenterologists usually do not perform surgeries.
You should consult a gastroenterologist if you have problems with your digestion such as constipation, diarrhea, chronic heartburn, abdominal bloating and pain, rectal bleeding, unexplained weight loss or a change in appetite. Gastroenterologists can also perform screenings for cancers of the digestive system such as intestinal cancer and colorectal cancer. People over the age of 50 years should also consult a gastroenterologist at least once every 5 years for a colonoscopy.
Some gastroenterologists may specialize in Hepatology. This deals with the functioning of the liver and the treatment of conditions such as liver disease.
Consultations usually start at Rs 500 and can go up to Rs 1500.
Endoscopy Rs 2500- Rs 6000
Colonoscopy Rs 6000- Rs 18000
Biliary Stone Removal Rs 75000 – Rs 3,40,000
Capsule Endoscopy Rs 45,000- Rs 75,000
An endoscopy involves threading a thin, flexible tube through the mouth and esophagus into the stomach and small intestines. The tube is fitted with a light and a camera that allows the doctor to look into the internal organs.
A colonoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that allows the doctor to look into the colon and rectum in order to detect ulcers, inflammation and abnormal growths. The doctor may also remove polyps and take tissue samples for a biopsy during this procedure.
A stone in the bile duct or gallbladder may be removed endoscopically or through a minimally invasive surgery. Large stones may need to be broken down and then taken out piece by piece.
This procedure is used to remove polyps from the inside of the large intestine or colon during a colonoscopy. A polypectomy can help prevent colon cancer.
Haemorrhoids are swollen veins around the rectum that can be very painful. A gastroenterologist may treat this condition with medication, topical ointments and in some cases, a minimally invasive surgical procedure.