Frequently Asked Questions
What is Hair Transplant?
Hair transplant is a surgical technique used for the treatment of baldness. In this technique, hair follicles are removed from one part of the body known as the ‘donor site’ to the bald part of the body called the ‘recipient site’. In hair transplant, the grafts containing hair follicles that are genetically resistant to balding are transplanted to the bald scalp. There are various places for getting a hair transplant in Delhi with experts guiding one with the best advice. One can choose from a plethora of options that suit his/her requirement and budget as well.
What are the causes of male pattern baldness?
Male pattern baldness is the term used for the loss of hair on the scalp in men. The main causes leading to this situation include:
- Genetics: If first or second-degree relatives have baldness, then men are more likely to have higher chances of losing hair.
- Age: In most of the conditions, men develop the sign of baldness with their growing age.
- Hormones: The change in hormone levels over the course of time can lead to male pattern baldness.
- Medication effects
- Dryness of scalp or any fungal infection
- Life-threatening disease like cancer
- Nutritional deficiency
- Health conditions like thyroid or stress
- Environmental factors
- Any kind of androgen-related issues (male sex hormone)
What are the types of Hair Transplant surgeries?
There are several types of hair transplant surgeries which are classified as per the method and procedures used. They are:
- Strip Harvesting
- Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
- Manual or Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT)
- Robotic Hair Restoration
What are the side effects of Hair Transplantation?
- Infection during surgery
- Swelling or inflammation of the scalp
- Itching or numbness on the treated area
Is hair transplant permanent?
Yes, hair transplant is thus far the most successful procedure to restore hair. This treatment has come up as the most satisfying method for patients with baldness. However, proper care and routine check-ups are always advisable to avoid any kind of health issues.
What is the cost of a hair transplant?
The cost of hair transplant depends on the individual’s requirement and on various other factors, such as:
- The extent of hair loss or the level of baldness
- The technique used for the procedure like the type of hair transplant surgery required
- The number of grafts needed to be planted
- The location of the clinic and its name in the particular field
- The experience and success of the surgeon performing hair transplant
- Texture of hair
On average, hair transplant in Delhi can cost around:
In the case of 1500-2000 grafts – Rs. 45000 – Rs. 70000
In the case of 2000-2500 grafts- Rs. 60000 – Rs. 90000
In the case of 2500-3500 grafts- Rs. 75000 – Rs. 135000
In the case of 3500 grafts and more, the price is negotiable which depends upon the number of sittings required.
You may also want to know
Hair transplant is normally referred for treating the bald pattern in male members. This procedure can also be used to restore eyelashes, eyebrows, beard hair, and pubic hair and also to fill in the scars caused by surgeries or accidents.
Indications for getting a hair transplant
Balding is a major concern which hampers the confidence of men. Hair transplant is considered the best available option to overcome this situation as it helps in restoring the hair at the bald area of the head through surgery. Although there are some non-surgical options also available, there is no certainty that the individual might get the desired result. However, hair transplant gives assurance as well as the desired result to the individual by balancing the quantity of hair.
Stages of male baldness pattern:
Male pattern baldness usually occurs in a particular pattern or shape from which the need for a hair transplant can be detected. According to the Norwood scale pattern, there are seven stages of male pattern baldness:
Stage 1: This is the starting or initial stage, in which there is negligible hair loss on the crown area of the head or at the hairline
Stage 2: In this stage, the hairline begins to recede just above the upper brow crease on the forehead. Although the hair loss is very mild at this stage the progression starts to show up with the formation of an M-shape on the crown area of the head.
Stage 3: In this stage, the baldness becomes quite evident which involves the receding of hairline in a particular fashion. Spots can be marked on the head where the hair is missing at this stage.
Stage 4: the Fourth stage is considered when the hair fall starts to deepen at the front of the forehead in the temple area, making the hair loss more prominent at the crown.
Stage 5: In this stage, there is severe hair loss with the separation between the loss of hair at the hairline and the crown area. The strip of hair between the two areas starts getting thinner and narrower with the progress of hair loss.
Stage 6: The sixth stage marks most of the hair from the crown area completely lost with only limited strands of hair left.
Stage 7: This is the last stage of male pattern baldness which leaves the remaining hair on the backside of the scalp, as the hair in that area is generally denser than the other areas. For some, this stage can mean complete baldness as well.
There are several doctors available for hair transplant in Delhi who guide with expert advice, always striving for excellence with a patient-oriented approach.
Causes of male pattern baldness:
- Heredity or Family history - This is the most common reason for hair loss which occurs gradually with age and in predictable patterns.
- Medical conditions - Situations like alopecia, infections like ringworm and hair-pulling disorder called trichotillomania can lead to hair loss.
- Hormonal changes - Certain changes in the level of hormones can also contribute to the loss of hair.
- Supplements or Medications - Side effects of certain medicines given for medical conditions like cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, gout, and high blood pressure can cause hair loss.
- Radiation therapy - The growth of hair might not be the same after any such therapy to the head, thus gradually leading to baldness.
- Stress - It can be counted as one of the major reasons for hair loss.
- Lifestyles or treatments - Use of chemicals for the styling of hair or various treatments used on hair can also be a reason contributing to hair loss.
There are certain points which should be considered and discussed with the respective doctor while opting for hair transplant. These are:
- Quality of hair - The quality of hair refers to whether your hair is thick enough for transplantation as it becomes quite difficult for those with thin hair.
- Texture of hair – The texture of the hair is also important to be considered while opting for hair transplant. If you have curly hair, the coverage will be better as compared to straight hair.
- Flexible scalp - The flexibility of scalp will help the surgeon in putting more follicles leading to a better result, whereas things become little difficult in a rigid scalp.
- Healthy scalp - In case of alopecia, the transplanted hair might fall. If the scalp is dry or has any kind of infection, then the process becomes quite risky.
- Monetary issue - Hair transplant is an expensive procedure so you need to have sufficient funds to go for it.
The follow-up process and postoperative medications are also slightly on the expensive side. There are plenty of options for hair transplant in Delhi that guarantees the desired result while charging the minimum required amount for assuring the best treatment.
When am I not a suitable candidate for hair transplant?
- If you don’t have enough donor hair sites to remove hair for transplant
- If hair loss is due to any specific medication like chemotherapy
- If you are diagnosed with stage six and seven on the Norwood scale
- If your scalp is stiff
- If you are diagnosed with alopecia
Types of Hair Transplant surgeries
There are several techniques for harvesting hair follicles, which comes with its own share of advantages and disadvantages. The two main ways of hair transplant in which donor grafts are extracted are Strip Harvesting and Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE). Hair transplant in Delhi is offered by multiple expert centers that explain to patients every detail of the surgery. They also work toward boosting the morale of the patient as one suffering from baldness often also suffers from a lack of confidence in life.
It is the most common method used for removing hair follicles from the donor site. A strip of skin is harvested from the posterior scalp that is the area with good hair growth. The surgeon uses a single, double or triple based scalpel to remove the strips of hair-bearing tissue. The strip is around 1-1.5X15-30 cm in size. The individual follicular unit grafts, which are small naturally formed groups of hair follicles, are dissected from the strip. Excess fibrous and fatty tissues are removed to avoid any damage to the follicular cells. The surgeon then punctures the sites to receive the grafts with fine needles and places them in the required density and pattern. The final part is performed by inserting the individual grafts at their place. This procedure might leave a thin linear scar in the donor area. The recovery period for strip harvesting is almost two weeks along with the removal of stitches or staples.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
This procedure is more time consuming than strip harvesting as it takes place in a single long session or multiple small sessions. In Follicular Unit Extraction, individual follicular units with 1-4 hair are removed, which is usually tiny punches between 0.6mm and 1 mm in diameter. The patient is given local anesthesia for FUE harvesting. This process can either be of few hours for extracting 200 grafts for scar correction or can be for days for a mega session of 2500 to 3000 grafts. The surgeon uses small micro blades or needles to puncture the sites for placing the grafts in proper density and pattern, which is followed by the final part of inserting the individual grafts in place. The result after FUE is usually natural as it does not need large areas of scalp tissue for harvesting and thus there is no linear scar on the head. The recovery time is less than a week. The only disadvantage of FUE is increased surgical time and high cost.
Some of the other methods used for hair transplant are characterized on the basis of equipment used. They can be named as:
Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT)
This method involves the extraction of a linear strip of hair-bearing skin from the back or side of the scalp, which is further dissected in separate individual grafts.
Robotic Hair Restoration
In this procedure, cameras and robotic arms are used to assist the surgeon in the hair transplant process. Although this process makes things easy for the surgeon, it comes with certain disadvantages like the relatively large size of punches and higher cost because of the devices used.
All of the above mentioned advanced surgical procedures are offered in hospitals for hair transplant in Delhi.
Pre-operative assessment and planning
There is a set of instructions which needs to be followed religiously before an operation. The pre-operative instructions for hair transplant include:
- Checking up on any previous medical or surgical history.
- Thorough physical examination of the patient along with the donor site.
- Transparent discussions regarding the expectations of the patient and the result.
- Complete paperwork including the sign on the consent form.
- Diagnostics as per the recommendation of the doctor.
- Informing the doctor regarding the use of alcohol, smoke or any other type of substance abuse, so that it can be restricted at the right time.
- Accepting and following all the instructions provided by the doctor.
Post-operative guidelines and care
To avoid any medical complication, certain preventive measures need to be taken after the hair transplant. Some of these include:
- Complete course of antibiotic should be taken to avoid any kind of infection.
- The area treated should be guarded against direct sunlight.
- Proper dressing of wound on a daily basis to allow seepage of blood and tissue fluid.
- Cleaning of the area for prevention from the formation of scabs. However, the use of shampoo should be on the recommendation of the doctor only.
The side effects of hair transplant are usually temporary and subside in a few weeks. Some of them are bleeding, pain, numbness or lack of sensation on the treated area, infection, swelling of scalp, itching, bruising around eyes, unnatural tufts of hair, inflammation of the hair follicles and formation of a crust on the area where treatment is done.
Hair transplant in Delhi is offered by experts who explain to the patients in details about the potential side-effects of hair transplant procedure.
Alternatives for hair transplant
- Medical treatments - Medicines like Propecia and topical solution like Rogaine help in the re-growth of hair and stop hair loss.
- Shampoos - Shampoo containing Biotin (to strengthen follicle), keratin (for hair strength & follicle flexibility), DHT blockers, zinc, and Minoxidil prevent hair loss.
- Laser Therapy - This technique increases hair shaft thickness.
- Natural Cures - Healthy diet with proper nutrients, applying coconut milk on the scalp, avoiding stress & use of chemicals and scalp rub can help in increasing the volume of hair and prevent hair loss.
- Cosmetic Cover-ups - Some of them include wigs, hairpiece, sprays to mimic the appearance of hair and Fibres designed to attach on the remaining strands of hair.
- Use of hair growth tonics.
Know more about Hair Transplant
What is hair transplantation and who can perform it?
Hair transplantation is a surgical method, which is used to treat varying levels of the androgenic alopecia in men and women. It is a surgery in which balding areas are filled with hair. Unlike other organ transplant procedures, in this treatment, your own hair is transplanted and no external donor is needed. It is normal to lose up to 100 hairs a day, however, losing more than that can spell trouble. It is then that you require medical intervention and get yourself diagnosed.You can visit a general doctor for the preliminary diagnosis. If required you may be referred to a dermatologist, an endocrinologist or a trichologist.
What are the causes of hair fall?
The most common causes of hair fall include:
- physical stress due to overwork illness, accident, injuries, childbirth, emotional disorders, or surgery which can cause telogen effluvium
- usage of birth control pills by women
- pregnancy in women which can result in hormonal imbalances
- scalp infections such as ringworm or fungal infections
- poor diet, especially less protein intake, which can cause hair loss as hair strands are essentially made of the protein, keratin
- excessive hair styling and colouring
- genetic hair loss
- autoimmune disorders such as alopecia areata, or lupus, where the immune system of the body attacks its own healthy cells, including hair follicles
- chemotherapy which can result in spot baldness or complete baldness
- taking excessive amounts of Vitamin A supplements
- male pattern baldness caused by a combination of family genes and male hormones
- female pattern baldness caused by family genes
- medical conditions such as anemia, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women, eating disorders, and thyroid disease
- vitamin B deficiency in the body
- sudden weight loss due to physical trauma
- burns and X-rays too can cause sudden temporary hair loss
- taking medicines such as blood thinners and anti-depressants
- trichotillomania which is an impulse control disorder causing people to compulsively pull out their own hair
- natural ageing, especially when people enter their 50s or 60s.
How are the causes of hair fall diagnosed?
Since hair loss can be caused by a number of factors, the first step should be to consult your family physician or a general practitioner. The doctor will perform a general physical exam for you, and ask you a number of questions to glean your and your family’s medical history. He will ask you about:
- how noticeably your hair is thinning
- your family history of hair loss
- your diet
- your hairstyling habits
- any recent illnesses, especially skin rashes
- medicines you take either for thyroid problems, arthritis, depression or heart-related issues
Based on your responses and overall general health, the doctor may then advise you to undergo the following tests:
- Blood test: to determine if you suffer from any health problems such as thyroid.
- Pull test: in which the doctor will pull your hair to see how many hairs come out on an average.
- Scalp Biopsy: in which the doctor will scrape some skin and a few hairs from your scalp to check if you suffer from any kind of scalp infection.
- Light Microscopy: which will help diagnose any disorders of the hair shaft you may suffer from.
Hair loss can occur due to a poor diet, stress, vitamin deficiency, thyroid problems, pregnancy, treatments like chemotherapy, or due to ageing. These conditions are not very serious and can be addressed easily by taking medicines, or stopping certain medicines, and changing your lifestyle. Very often the hair grows back.
If your hair loss is due to genetic reasons, or conditions such as alopecia, your hair will not grow back naturally. This can be distressing for you as hair loss can affect your overall appearance. Under such circumstances, based on your general physical health and the pattern and severity of hair loss, and your doctor’s suggestions, you may consider a couple of medical procedures, which can help alleviate your condition.
What are the types of hair transplantation?
The hair transplantation procedures are:
What is Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)?
A highly advanced technique of hair transplantation, Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)is performed in a way, which imitates the pattern of natural hair growth and is an ideal choice for people who have large bald areas on their head.
This procedure involves removing an entire strip of hair from a 'donor area' where hair fall is less and hair growth is still thick. The area from where the strip is taken is sutured leaving a linear scar on the scalp.
The strip containing the hair follicles is divided into grafts consisting of one or two follicles. The follicular units contain sebaceous glands (oil glands), nerves, a tiny muscle, and some fine hairs called vellus hairs.
Thousands of these follicular unit grafts are placed into tiny incisions made on the bald areas of the patient's scalp, also known as the 'recipient areas', in a single session. The hair growth from these grafts follow a very natural growth pattern, giving away no tell-tale signs of surgery. Cost can vary based on many factors. FUT hair transplant costs Rs.30 to Rs. 60 per graft. Please consult your doctor to get the exact treatment plan and price quote suiting your unique needs.
What is Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)?
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE), as opposed to the FUT procedure, is a hair transplant method in which the doctor extracts the follicular units of hair, from the donor area of your head, one by one.
The doctor uses a small microneedle, which punches a tiny incision around a hair follicle before extraction.
Each unit contains one to four hairs. These one, to four hair groupings (called follicular unit grafts), are then transplanted into the balding areas of your head. In this method thus, there is no need for the surgeon to make a long incision in the donor area, as in the FUT procedure.
This is an ideal method of surgery for patients who like to wear their hair short. This method is also is also recommended for patients who have a tight scalp or have previously undergone the ‘strip’ or FUT method but with little success. Procedure cost can vary based on many factors. FUE hair transplant costs Rs. 35 to Rs.120 per graft. Please consult your doctor to get the exact treatment plan and price quote suiting your unique needs.
Am I eligible for hair transplantation?
You are eligible for hair transplantation if you:
- are 25 years of age or above. The ideal age, however, is 30 years and above.
- do not suffer from, uncontrolled diabetes, asthma, heart problems, or high blood pressure/hypertension, and are not completely bald or taking blood-thinners or beta-blockers.
- are suffering from advanced hair loss for more than 5 years, and now your pattern of hair loss is established, leaving you with very low-density hair on the scalp.
What are the risks and disadvantages of the FUT procedure?
The risks and disadvantages of undergoing the FUT procedure include:
- Experiencing numbness, discomfort, or itching, during the process, which is transitory.
- Experiencing shock hair loss after the procedure, which is temporary. The hair usually grows back in 3-6 months.
- Local inflammation and infection if proper care is not taken during and after the surgery.
- Scarring at the site where the donor strip is excised.
- Longer recovery period, as this procedure is invasive.
- Avoiding any form strenuous activity for at least 4 weeks after the surgery.
What are the risks and disadvantages of the FUE procedure?
The risks and disadvantages of the FUEprocedure include:
- Hundreds of tiny round white scars on the head caused by the incisions to extract the hair follicles, which will be typically invisible to the human eye after your hair has grown out.
- Numbness, bleeding, itching, swelling around the eyes and forehead, and temporary cyst formation on the areas where the hair is being transplanted.
- Risk of infection, and inflammation, if proper care is not taken during and after the surgery.
- Experiencing shock hair loss, which is temporary and the hair usually grows back in 3-6 months.
- Costly, tedious and a time-consuming procedure as individual follicular units are extracted.
- Is not be suitable for large areas of baldness.
What are the advantages of the FUT procedure?
The benefits of FUTprocedure include:
- A large number of follicles can be transplanted in a single session
- Provides better yield of hair compared to other hair procedures
- An enhanced, natural-looking cosmetic effect, once the hair grows
- More affordable than other hair procedures such as FUE
What are the advantages of an FUE procedure?
Some of the advantages of the FUE procedure include:
- It is a less invasive surgery than FUT, with no visible scarring in the donor area
- It is ideal for short sessions and for patients in early stages of hair loss
- It is ideal for patients who would like to sport short hairstyles
- It is ideal for patients who have no problem in shaving their heads
- It is ideal for moustache or eyebrow replacement