Hi, A high hemoglobin count indicates an above-average concentration of the oxygen-carrying protein hemoglobin in your blood. Hemoglobin (Hg or Hgb) is the main component of red blood cells.
Some causes for high hemoglobin levels are as follows:
Living at a high altitude.
Lung disease (Emphysema, COPD).
Bone marrow disorders (polycythaemia vera).
Overdose or inappropriate use of the drug.
Blood doping (adding RBC's by IV to the bloodstream).
A high hemoglobin count is rarely an unexpected finding or simply discovered by chance. A high hemoglobin count and results from other tests may already indicate the cause of your illness.