Frequently Asked Questions
What is Vasectomy?
Vasectomy is a surgical procedure in which the sperm containing tubes are cut and sealed. So that, it prevents the pregnancy permanently. It is also called as male sterilization. Vasectomy is 99% effective in preventing pregnancy and does not affect the ability to enjoy sex. Even after Vasectomy, the individual will have erections and ejaculations, but the semen does not contain sperm. There are 2 types of Vasectomy and they are:
- Conventional vasectomy using a knife [incision method]
- No-scalpel vasectomy [no-cut method]
What are the advantages of Vasectomy?
- Very effective in preventing pregnancy
- Few complications are associated
- Minimally invasive
- Does not affect hormone levels
- Does not affect the sex drive
What are the indications of Vasectomy?
Vasectomy is indicated in the following conditions:
- Scrotum infections
- Vas deferens infections
- To prevent pregnancy
What is the preparation for Vasectomy?
- The patient should discuss present and past medical and medications history with the doctor.
- Some pathology tests and physical examination may be done by the doctor to check the condition of the patient.
- The patient may stop taking blood thinner medications.
- Discuss with the doctor about all the risks, complications, and benefits associated with Vasectomy.
- The patient should sign a consent form before undergoing the surgery.
What are the steps involved in Vasectomy?
- Depending on the health condition of the patient, either general or local anesthesia will be given.
- After numbing the genital area, the surgeon will make a small incision at the upper part of the scrotum or makes a small puncture by using the no-scalpel technique.
- Then, the surgeon will locate the tube that carries sperm from testicles.
- A part of the tube [vas deferens] will be withdrawn through the incision and it will be cut and sealed with surgical clips or by heat.
- Then, the incisions made will be closed.
What is the postprocedure care/recovery care for Vasectomy?
- After surgery, the patient may feel very drowsy for the next few hours due to anesthesia.
- If there is a pain at the site of incision, then consult your doctor. If the pain is severe, use the pain killers as directed by your doctor.
- If bleeding is seen at the incision site, consult your doctor as soon as possible.
- Follow all the instructions given by the doctor without fail.
- The individual should avoid sexual activity for a week.
- Make follow-up visits to the doctor to check the presence of sperm in semen even after the Vasectomy.
Who can perform Vasectomy [Right specialist type for Vasectomy]?
Vasectomy can be performed by a certified and skilled Urologist.
What is the cost of Vasectomy?
Cost of Vasectomy depends on factors such as:
- Admission fee
- Doctor fee
- Age of the patient.
- The medical condition of the patient.
- Type of surgery planned to be performed
- Post-surgical complications that are involved
- Type of hospital
- The admission room that you opted for
- Any other lab tests or examination tests such as X-ray, ECG, etc.
Minimum amount to be paid in Chennai starts from Rs.12,350
Average charges in Chennai is approximately Rs.23,797
Maximum cost in Chennai rises up to Rs.38,000
Is Vasectomy major surgery or minor surgery?
Vasectomy may be a major surgery as it involves cutting of the sperm carrying tubes and leads to permanent prevention of pregnancy.
What is the eligibility criteria for Vasectomy?
People who can undergo Vasectomy are:
- Men who do not want to get their partner pregnant.
- People who don't want children.
What is the ineligibility criteria for Vasectomy?
People who cannot undergo Vasectomy are:
- Individuals suffering from testicular diseases.
- People who want to be a father or giving birth to children.
- People with certain medical conditions that affect the overall health condition.
What are the risks and complications associated with Vasectomy?
Risks and Complications associated with Vasectomy are:
- Blood clot formation in the scrotum
- Sperm granulomas
- Infection at the site of an incision
- Testicular pain
How long does it take to complete Vasectomy?
Vasectomy may take almost 10- 30 minutes to complete. Sometimes it may take more than the usual time depending on the condition of the patient.
What is the recovery time?
The individual who undergoes Vasectomy may recover completely within 1-2 weeks.
What is the success rate of Vasectomy?
The success rate of Vasectomy depends on the following factors:
- Age of the patient
- The medical condition of the patient
- Type of surgery performed
However, the success rate of Vasectomy maybe 100%. In a few rare cases, the success rate maybe 99%.
Is Vasectomy painful?
Every surgery comes with a certain level of pain and some discomfort. You won't be experiencing pain during this process because you will be under either local or general anesthesia. There may be some discomfort after the procedure.
Is Vasectomy Permanent?
Vasectomy is a permanent procedure that helps to prevent pregnancy.
What are the long-term results of Vasectomy?
- Preventing pregnancy
- Vasovenous fistula
- Sperm granuloma
- Scrotal pain
What are the options if Vasectomy fails?
If Vasectomy fails, then the doctor may recommend revision surgery.
What are the alternatives for Vasectomy?
Alternative for Vasectomy is Male contraceptive pills.