A urologist is a specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders related with the urinary tract in both men and women, and the branch of medicine is called urology. Organs of the urinary tract include kidneys, ureters, urethra, urinary bladder, adrenal glands, penis, prostate glands and testicles. Urologists also diagnose and offer treatment for several disorders of male reproductive system. They are also trained in performing surgeries, such as cancer surgeries related with prostrate, kidney and bladder, and remove blockage of the urinary tract.
A urologist can be consulted for a wide range of disorders related with the urinary tract. For example, the presence of blood in the urine, frequent urination, a feeling of pain or burning sensation while urinating, pain in pelvis. A urologist can also be consulted for certain disorders of men reproductive system such as erectile dysfunction and decreased sexual desire.
The specializations in urology include endourology, urologic oncology, laparoscopy, neurourology, andrology, female urology, paediatric urology, and reconstructive urology.
The consultation fee of a urologist in Chennai can vary from Rs. 400/- to Rs. 800/- depending on the expertise of the urologist. The charges of medication, surgery and other tests vary from hospital to hospital and duration and type of treatment.
Urinary tract infection: UTIs are one of the most common infections. They are generally caused by bacteria and they can affect any part of the urinary tract such as kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. A UTI infection can be treated with antibiotics.
Kidney stone: Kidney stones are very common and can be diagnosed and treated by an urologist. The common diagnostic methods are blood tests, kidney function tests and certain urine tests.
Cancers: An urologist can be consulted for certain cancers of the urinary tract such as bladder cancer, penile cancer, prostate cancer and testicular cancers. A diagnosis can be done by imaging techniques, and biopsy, and treatment option include radiation therapy and surgery.
Erectile dysfunction: An urologist offers treatment for certain disorders of male reproductive system like erectile dysfunction and lower libido.
Urine problems: Problems in urination such as burning sensation, frequent urination, and blood in urine are an indication of either urinary tract infection, kidney infection, cancer, kidney disease or an enlarged prostate gland and are treated by an urologist.