The procedure in which a doctor views the internal organs and vessels of the patient using specialized instruments is known as Endoscopy. This procedure helps the doctor to visualize the problem within the body without the need to make large incisions. A large and flexible tube is inserted by the doctor known as an endoscope through a small cut or from the opening of the body such as the mouth. The endoscope is attached to a camera that helps the doctor to visualize the internals of the body. The endoscope can also be attached to forceps or scissors that helps the doctor to operate or remove the tissue for biopsy.
Why does an individual need Endoscopy?
Endoscopy is used to:
Help the doctor determine the cause of abnormal symptoms the patient is having
For removal of the small amount of tissue for biopsy
Help the doctor to visualize the internal organs while performing the surgery such as repairing stomach ulcers or removal of the gallbladder, stones, etc.
The doctor advises Endoscopy if the patient has symptoms of the following conditions:
Blood in urine
Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Unexplained bleeding in the digestive tract
Blockage of esophagus
GERD - Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder
What are the preparations done for Endoscopy?
Generally, before the Endoscopy, the patient is asked to fast for at least 12 hours before the procedure. Clear liquids like water or juice are sometimes allowed for up to 1-2 hours prior to the procedure. The doctor may also give laxatives or enemas the night before to clear the system. This is usually done before gastrointestinal endoscopy.
Most endoscopies are outpatient procedures. This means the patient can go home the same day. The doctor will close the incision wounds with stitches and properly bandage them immediately after the procedure. The doctor will give the patient instructions on how to care for the wound on your own.
What are the risks of Endoscopy?
An Endoscopy has much lower risks as compared to open surgery. Still, some risks associated with an Endoscopy are: