1. What is rubella?
Rubella is a contagious infection (an infection that can spread from an infected person to a healthy person). It is caused by a virus and is also called German measles or three-day measles. It is characterised by the presence of a red, itchy rash on the body.
2. What are the symptoms of rubella?
The following are the symptoms associated with rubella:
- Mild fever
- Inflammation and redness of eyes
- Pink rash on the face that spreads to the body arms and legs and then disappears in the same sequence
- Joint pain
- Enlarged lymph nodes (present at the back of the neck and behind the ears)
3. What causes rubella?
Rubella is a viral infection by a virus from Togaviridae family. It spreads from an infected person to a healthy person by droplets in the air spread via coughing or sneezing or by kissing. It can also get transmitted from an infected mother to the baby through the placenta.
4. How is rubella diagnosed?
The rash due to rubella resembles the rash due to many other viral conditions. Therefore, doctors prescribe virus culture test and other blood tests to confirm the diagnosis after a detailed history taking and physical examination. Blood test detects rubella antibodies, the presence of which indicates recent or past infection with rubella or rubella vaccination.
5. What do the doctors prescribe for the management of rubella?
Rubella infection has no specific treatment. The symptoms are usually mild and clear up on their own. However, doctors recommend isolation while an individual is suffering from the infection. Various risks to the baby of pregnant mother are discussed. If she still wants to continue her pregnancy, certain antibodies are administered to fight this infection.