The full form of D & is Dilation and Curettage, which is a minor surgical procedure that opens the cervix. The opening of the uterus or the womb is known as the cervix. After the cervix is dilated, the doctor uses a curette (spoon-shaped object) to remove the tissue of the inner lining of the uterus.
What are the reasons to use D and C?
Few of the reasons to use D & C are:
To determine the reasons for heavy bleeding between the menstrual period
To remove fibroids or non-cancerous tumors
To examine potential cancerous tumors
To remove infectious and inflamed tissues
To remove the tissues left behind after the childbirth or miscarriage
To remove contraceptive devices
To perform abortion
What are the preparations for D and C?
Individuals who are undergoing D & C should follow the below precautions:
Always follow the instructions given by the doctor.
Avoid sugary foods or drinks as directed by the doctor.
Make sure the patient is healthy enough to undergo the procedure.
Visit the doctor a day before the application of the gel.
Take one or two days off from work.
How is D and C performed?
After anesthesia is administered following are the steps performed:
A device called a speculum is inserted into the vagina to get the better visuals of the cervix.
Now, for cervix dilation, rods are inserted into the cervical opening with each rod little thicker than the previous one.
After the cervix is dilated, a spoon-shaped speculum called the curette is inserted into the uterus by the doctor and the inner lining of the uterus is drawn out.
If the inner lining is not loose, then the doctor may use suction to draw out the inner lining and minor cramping may be felt.
After the removal of the material from the uterus, all the instruments are taken out and the material is sent to the lab for further testing if necessary.
What can be the risks of D and C?
Following can be the few of the risks associated with D & C:
Uterus or cervix getting damaged
Severe pain, fever, and chills
Apart from these, please consult the doctor to know more about the risks and benefits of undergoing D & C procedure.