Urology is a clinical subject that involves the treatment of diseases related to the urinary tract of both the genders. It also deals with any disease related to the reproductive organs of the male. The urinary tract deals with the process of creating, storing and eliminating urine from the body. A urologist’s study revolves around the kidney, bladder, uterus, adrenal glands, and the male reproductive organs including penis, prostate, and testicles.
In case you suffer from frequent urination, enlarged prostate, erectile dysfunction, recurrent UTI (Urinary Tract Infection) or stomach ache which might be due to a kidney malfunctioning, , it is important for you to visit a urologist. Ignoring these might damage the kidney or the bladder. It can also be the cause of prostate cancer.
While general urologists treat any disease pertaining to the urinary tract, there are others who specialize in:
Feminine urology: Treats women’s urinary tract issues.
Male urology: Deal with the male reproductive problems.
Neurourology: It involves removing urinary complications caused due to disturbance in the nervous system.
Child urology: It pertains to curing frequent bed wetting by children.
Urologic oncology: It concentrates on cancer-related to the urinary system including the kidneys, bladder etc.
The consultation fees of urologists in Pune is around Rs. 500/-. The further costs depend on the complexity of the condition and treatment.
The treatment offered by a Urologist depends on the symptoms and the organs being impacted. Some of the most common treatments are:
Infertility in men: In such cases, after the semen is clinically tested, medication is advised. Surgery is carried out in extreme cases.
Bladder & Kidney cancer: Bladder and kidney cancer treatment options include surgery (in the initial stage), or chemotherapy, or radiation, or immunotherapy, or a combination of any of these.
Urinary Tract Infection: For minor UTI doctors suggest a course of antibiotics for a week. But, if it’s recurrent then the treatment is extended, and further tests are conducted.
Urethral Injuries: This is a complicated problem and the treatment might include surgery, depending on the severity of the damage.
Erectile Dysfunction: Treatment depends on the age and health of the patient. Doctor’s first give oral medications and if the problem persists then further tests are conducted to ensure that no blood vessel is blocked.