3D and 4D Ultrasound is the detailed scan of the fetus that is performed during pregnancy. This scan is done to examine the whole fetal body, determine the position of the fetus as well as the placenta, the amount of amniotic fluid, and measurement of fetal growth. Though, special attention is given to the progress of the brain, face, spine, stomach, heart, kidneys, bowel, and limbs. During the 3D and 4D Ultrasound, if any deformity or abnormality is seen, then the case is further discussed with specialists and the couple will be given the chance to further decide the steps of action to be taken.
The 3D and 4D Ultrasound is done to check the growth of the fetus or to detect abnormalities or deformities which are rare conditions and cannot find everything that is or might be wrong. The few conditions detected by the scan are:
It is not necessary to undergo this scan. This is up to the couple, some want to know whether their unborn child has any condition and some do not. Even if the mother decides not to undergo the scan, the pregnancy care will be carried out in the same manner as previously.
In most of the cases, the scan shows the growth of the baby as expected. If the scans show some kind of abnormality then the couple is asked to go for further advanced tests to confirm the condition.