Cardiology is a division of medical science which deals with the treatment of ailments related to the heart and other vascular organs. Cardiologists give medications and carry out surgical procedures for any kind of heart problems, coronary artery diseases, hearts attacks, and conduct electrophysiology.
It is very important to have a strong heart and to ensure that the blood flow in the body remains uninterrupted. A regular check-up prevents any kind of severe and sudden heart problems like heart attacks or failures. For people above 40, a half yearly test is ideal and for others, if there is a family history, or instances of high blood pressure, or high cholesterol, or any chest pain on the left side along with acute discomfort, it is advisable to visit a physician.
The boundaries of cardiology are not stringent, and treatment might require the intervention of more than one specialist. However, a General Clinical Cardiologist is the one whom we need to refer for a holistic check-up of the heart. A Cardiothoracic Surgeon focuses mostly on the lungs along with the heart. A USG specialist of the heart is known as an Echocardiologist. An Interventional cardiologist deals with high-level aggressive procedures. Adult oncologists and child oncologists are two separate specializations.
A cardiologist in Pune mostly charges between Rs. 600/- and Rs.1000/-, for consultation.
Heart diseases have become common but thanks to advanced medical science there are various treatment options available.
Medication: At the initial stage, cardiologists prescribe medication and advise the patient to lead a healthy and stress-free life to ensure the optimum impact of the medicines.
Valve Repair: Sometimes due to the malfunctioning of one of the four valves, blood circulation is impacted. A surgery helps in treating this problem.
Angioplasty and Stenting: Either of these two is done if the coronary arteries get blocked. It requires local anaesthesia to be given and done through a small incision.
Pacemakers: The pacemaker is implanted in people suffering from a slow heart-beat. The pacemaker is implanted, using a surgical procedure that lasts two to three hours, through an incision in the left collarbone. The generator is placed under the skin. It measures the heart rate and regularizes it.
Cardiac Rehabilitation: A heart surgery is a complicated procedure and a rehabilitation centre helps the patient heal faster post-surgery.