1. What are the symptoms associated with COPD?
The main symptoms associated with COPD are daily cough and mucus productions. Other symptoms are shortness of breath, wheezing, lack of energy, chest tightness, swelling in the ankles, feet or legs and frequent respiratory infection.
2. How is COPD diagnosed?
To diagnose COPD, the doctor will first analyse the signs and symptoms of the patient and enquire about the exposure to irritants, such as cigarette smoke. The diagnostic tests are
Lung function test
Computed tomography (CT) scan
Arterial blood gas analysis
3. What is the treatmentt for COPD?
The main treatment for COPD is to stop smoking completely. Medications to treat the symptoms are:
Short-acting bronchodilators such as albuterol and levalbuterol
Long-acting bronchodilators such as salmeterol and indacaterol
4. Is COPD curable?
Currently, there is no cure for COPD, but therapies can be helpful in slowing the progression of the condition and control the symptoms.
5. Do I need to quit smoking if I have COPD?
Yes, if you have COPD, you need to quit smoking, because in majority of cases, the lung damage is caused by long-term cigarette smoking.