1. What is a Pulmonologist?
A doctor who is specialized in diagnosis and treatment of respiratory system diseases is called as pulmonologist. The respiratory system include the airway (all organs that carry air to lungs from body's outside environment), the lungs and the muscles for respiration.
2. What type of respiratory problems can a Pulmonologist treat?
Pulmonologists can treat lung or airway inflammation, blocked lung airways, damage to lung alveoli and lung diseases occurred due to inhalation of dust chemical or smoking, genetic diseases of the lung like cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, asthma, bronchitis.
3. When do you need to visit a Pulmonologist?
You should visit a pulmonologist if you are facing breathing difficulties, having cough from a long time, have blood or mucus in cough, sudden weight loss due to unknown reasons and have severe breathing problem while doing daily activities or exercising.
4. What tests wil a Pulmonologist do for a check up?
Pulmonologists will perform different tests depending up on your problem. These may include CT scan, chest ultrasound, chest X-ray, pulse oximetry test, pleural biopsy, bronchoscopy (to examine airway), breathing test (pulmonary function test) to check functioning of lungs and sleep study to detect sleep disorder.
5. What is the difference between a Pulmonologist and chest surgeon?
Pulmonologists will diagnose and treat respiratory system related disorders but if you are having a serious lung disease then you will be referred to chest surgeon to remove affected lung part or for a lung transplant.
Pulmonology is an internal medicine speciality which deals with the human respiratory system. The medical practitioners of this branch are known as Pulmonologist. They remain concerned with the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the respiratory tract, particularly, the lungs. The Pulmonologist may be associated with reputed hospitals or may even practise in clinics. During the consultation, they perform a physical examination of the patient, ask about the medical history, and may recommend diagnostic tests for the evaluation of the disease and future course of treatment.
There is a greater incidence of pulmonary diseases like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, tuberculosis, and obstructive sleep apnoea among children and adults in Mumbai. It makes it imperative to visit the Pulmonologist whenever you suffer from symptoms like a chronic cough, breathing difficulties, wheezing, chest tightness, and sleeping problems. Negligence of these signs may lead to further complications and can be avoided by visiting a pulmonologist.
The sub-specialities under the core group Pulmonology include interstitial lung disease, lung transplantation, asthma, obstructive lung disease and neuromuscular disease specialist.
The consultation fee of the Pulmonologist in Mumbai usually starts from INR 500. However, you need to pay extra for other medical procedures like a Pulmonary Function Test (PFT), Bronchoscopy, and CT scan. Detailed below are the approximate charges of a few pulmonary diagnostic tests in Mumbai.
A Pulmonologist performs multiple diagnostic and treatment procedures for curing the diseases related to the respiratory tract. Here are the five crucial therapies available:
It is an endoscopic technique for viewing the internal organs of the respiratory system. The Pulmonologist uses this for diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes.
Pulmonary Function Test
It is a complete evaluation of the respiratory system including different diagnostic tests and medical history for determining the efficiency of the lungs.
CT Scan of Chest
CT scan or computerised tomography scan helps in evaluating the soft tissues, blood vessel, and bones around the chest.
The pulmonologist usually detects obstructive sleep apnoea with this test. A detailed report of changes occurring in an individual’s body while sleeping is charted.
This test helps in transporting medicines to the damaged organs of the respiratory tract.