What does a Pulmonologist deal with?
Pulmonologists are the medical doctors who are specialized in diagnosing and treating medical conditions related to the respiratory system. They deal with diseases like pneumonia, chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), emphysema, lung cancer, and asthma, etc.
What are the qualifications of Pulmonologist?
A 5-year medical degree [MBBS] that is recognized by the General Medical Council and a 2-year foundation course of general training are the basic requirements for an individual to be a doctor. However, following are the specialties or extra qualifications required to be a Pulmonologist:
- MD - Respiratory Medicine
- CCT - Respiratory Medicine
- MD - Tuberculosis & Respiratory Diseases/Medicine
- DNB - Respiratory Medicine
- Diploma in Tuberculosis Diseases (TDD)
- Diploma in Chest Diseases (D.C.D)
- DNB - Respiratory Diseases
- Diplomate in Pulmonary Diseases (American Board of Internal Medicine)
- MRCP (UK)
- Higher specialty training in Respiratory Medicine (as SpR), UK
- Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD)
- DM - Pulmonary Medicine & Critical Care Medicine
- MD - TB & Chest
- MD - Tuberculosis & Respiratory Diseases / Pulmonary Medicine
- FCCP - Pulmonary Medicine
- MD - Pulmonary Medicine
- DNB - Pulmonary Medicine
- DM - Pulmonary Medicine
Can Pulmonologists perform bronchoscopy?
Yes, Pulmonologists can perform a bronchoscopy. Bronchoscopy is done for direct visualization of the tracheobronchial tree for any abnormalities. This procedure can be done in an operating room under general anesthesia. This procedure is also used to retrieve the foreign bodies in airways.
When should an individual visit Pulmonologists?
Individuals who are suffering from any of the following medical conditions or diseases should consult Pulmonologist:
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD]
- Pulmonary fibrosis
- Cystic fibrosis
- Pulmonary hypertension
What are the procedures performed by a Pulmonologist?
Following are the few procedures performed by a Pulmonologist to diagnose a respiratory disease:
- Bronchoalveolar lavage
- Endobronchial cryotherapy and biopsy
- Endobronchial ultrasound biopsy
- Pulmonary function test
- Pleural biopsy
- Pulse oximetry test
- Electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy
- Chest fluoroscopy
- Chest ultrasound
- CT scans
- Sleep study
- Balloon dilation
Why should a child need frequent visits to a Pulmonologist?
Children should visit Pulmonologists for regular checkups as they are prone to pulmonary diseases as their immune system is yet to develop completely. Most common diseases that affect children are asthma, recurrent pneumonia, cystic fibrosis, and bronchiolitis, etc.
Why does an individual cough up blood?
Coughing up blood is called hemoptysis. If an individual is suffering from hemoptysis, then he/she should seek immediate medical attention. The cause of hemoptysis is confused between the blood from lung alveoli or from the intestinal tract. Hemoptysis is most commonly caused by bronchi (lung airways) infections.
What are the common signs and symptoms of pneumonia?
Pneumonia can have symptoms that range from mild to severe. Following are some of the common signs and symptoms:
- High fever & chills
- Loss of appetite
- Fast breathing
- Sharp or stabbing type of chest pain
- Fingertips and lips turn blue